Sex Workers and the Cost of Safe Sex: The Compensating Differential for Condom Use Among Calcutta Prostitutes

  title={Sex Workers and the Cost of Safe Sex: The Compensating Differential for Condom Use Among Calcutta Prostitutes},
  author={Vijayendra Rao and Indrani Gupta and Michael Lokshin and Smarajit Jana},
  journal={Development Economics},

The effect of HIV prevention products on incentives to supply condomless commercial sex among female sex workers in South Africa

Investigating whether the use of a new HIV prevention product, with 100% efficacy but modeled after pre‐exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), could change the price and quantity of condomless commercial sex supplied suggests that the price premium for condomless sex would decrease and the quantity would increase with PrEP use.

Commercial sex workers'condom use behavior in Korea.

This pilot study was conducted to investigate the rate of condom use among the commercial sex workers in Korea and reasons why they frequently do not wear condoms during sexual intercourse and recommended that practical strategies and a policy for condom use promotion be developed.

The cost of safe sex: estimating the price premium for unprotected sex during the Avahan HIV prevention programme in India

The main finding confirms that clients have a preference for unprotected sex and that policies aiming at changing clients’ preferences and at improving the bargaining power of FSWs are required to limit the spread of HIV.

Safety First, Then Condoms: Commercial Sex, Risky Behavior, and the Spread of HIV/AIDS in Managua, Nicaragua

Abstract This study analyzes the commercial sex market in Managua, Nicaragua, to understand risky behavior among sex workers. While health risks are a major concern for sex workers, the risk of

Estimating misreporting in sensitive health behaviours : Evidence from condom use of female sex workers in Senegal

Self-reported condom use is high among female sex workers in most low and middleincome countries. Because the known benefit of using condoms is high, there is a desirability bias in under-reporting

Managers’ rules about sex workers’ health and safety in the illicit online sex market: Considering profits and risks

This study examines how 71 male pimps utilize rules about illicit drug use and safe sex practices to define their market sector, lower their risk of detection, and maximize the profitability of their

The Price of Sex: Condom Use and the Determinants of the Price of Sex Among Female Sex Workers in Eastern Zimbabwe

Strengthening FSWs' preferences for protected sex could help maintain high levels of condom use, as factors associated with the price of commercial sex in rural eastern Zimbabwe are explored.

Reasons for non- use of condoms and self- efficacy among female sex workers: a qualitative study in Nepal

The main risk factor identified for the non-use of condoms with intimate partners and regular clients was low self efficacy, which placed FSWs at risk of STIs including HIV.

Sex, price and preferences: accounting for unsafe sexual practices in prostitution markets.

This study is the first to document empirically clients' preference for intercourse without a condom, with the help of a multilevel ordinal regression.



Impact of an intervention on HIV, sexually transmitted diseases, and condom use among sex workers in Bombay, India.

Following the intervention, women reported increased levels of condom use, and some said they were willing to refuse clients who wouldn't use them, but both the sex workers and the madams were concerned about losing business if condom use was insisted upon.

The economics of the commercial sex industry

1.1 Number of consumers Since males, particularly single or divorced males, are the main demanders of commercial sex, an increase in their numbers can increase the demand for commercial sex. An

Community based survey of STD/HIV infection among commercial sex workers in Calcutta (India). Part-IV: Sexually transmitted diseases and related risk factors.

Community based survey on a sample of commercial sex workers in one red light area of Calcutta, was carried out to determine prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) including HIV infection

The Responsiveness of the Demand for Condoms to the Local Prevalence of AIDS

Evidence is found that the use of condoms was quite responsive to the prevalence of AIDS in one's state of residence, and this responsiveness has been increasing over time, lending support to the existence of a self-limiting incentive effect of epidemics.

The Microeconomics of the AIDS Epidemic in Africa

The authors now consider the HIV-1 epidemic in Central and Eastern Africa and find that especially in large cities and along major transportation routes AIDS is far more prevalent than in comparable settings in Europe and North America.

Knowledge of HIV / AIDS among migrants in Delhi slums.

  • I. GuptaA. Mitra
  • Economics, Medicine
    Journal of health & population in developing countries
  • 1999
An assessment of HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and awareness among slum dwellers in Delhi, India finds that despite significant investment in IEC activities by the State AIDS Cell over the past decade, respondents were found to be poorly informed about HIV/ AIDS and how it is spread.

Guilty without trial : women in the sex trade in Calcutta

Through interviews, surveys and case studies, this work sensitively examines the double standards of sexual morality that govern the lucrative sex trade in India. It links the social and economic

AIDS has arrived in India and China.

Challenges for an effective AIDS program in India and China are discussed with particular emphasis on the promotion of condom use and safe sex and a reliable confidential and voluntary HIV testing.

Does the Labour Market Explain Lower Female Schooling in India?

Labour market discrimination against women and parental discrimination against daughters are two of the most commonly cited explanations of the gender gap in education in developing countries. This

A Theory of Prostitution

Prostitution is low‐skill, labor intensive, female, and well paid. This paper proposes a marriage market explanation to this puzzle. If a prostitute compromises her marriage market prospects, she