Sex Testing and the Maintenance of Western Femininity in International Sport

  title={Sex Testing and the Maintenance of Western Femininity in International Sport},
  author={Lindsay Parks Pieper},
  journal={The International Journal of the History of Sport},
  pages={1557 - 1576}
  • L. Pieper
  • Published 29 July 2014
  • Education
  • The International Journal of the History of Sport
During the Cold War, women from Eastern Europe excelled in international sport. Rather than applauding the successes of these female athletes, many in the Cold-War-West responded with suspicion, contempt and derision. Armed with rumours and anecdotes, the International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF) implemented sex testing in 1966, and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) followed suit two years later. Despite the introduction of a compulsory sex/gender control, many continued… 
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