Sex Differences in the Treatment Needs and Outcomes of Problem Gamblers

  title={Sex Differences in the Treatment Needs and Outcomes of Problem Gamblers},
  author={B. Crisp and Shane. Thomas and A. Jackson and N. Thomason and Serena Smith and J. Borrell and Wei-ying Ho and T. Holt},
  journal={Research on Social Work Practice},
  pages={229 - 242}
Previous studies have found significant differences between men and women who have sought help for problems associated with their gambling. While this raises the possibility of differing treatment needs, much of the research into treating problem gamblers is based on all-male samples. This article seeks to remedy this situation by reporting on sex differences in the treatment of 1,520 problem gamblers, almost half of whom are female, who sought help in the state of Victoria, Australia, between… Expand

Tables from this paper

Community Treatment for Problem Gambling: Sex Differences in Outcome and Process
Men were found to have improved to a significantly greater degree on measures of gambling severity and rates of abstinence in comparison to women at the 6-month post-treatment follow-up, and men rated treatment components to be more helpful, whereas women found specific gambling-related treatment interventions to be less helpful. Expand
Women's Recovery From Compulsive Gambling: Formal and Informal Supports
ABSTRACT Although at least one third of problem gamblers are women, the majority of the scant literature available on treatment and recovery is based on male gamblers. Recent gender comparisons foundExpand
Not the Same: A Comparison of Female and Male Clients Seeking Treatment from Problem Gambling Counselling Services
It is demonstrated that females comprised 46% of the population of persons who sought assistance due to concerns about their gambling from the publicly-funded BreakEven counselling services in the state of Victoria, Australia, in one 12-month period, suggesting that the model of service delivery which is community based counselling on a non-residential basis may be better able to attract female clients. Expand
Factors that Predict Treatment Outcomes in a Community Treatment Agency for Problem Gamblers
  • N. Raylu, T. Oei
  • Psychology
  • International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
  • 2007
The study reported on factors that were associated with treatment outcomes of problem gamblers in an Australian outpatient treatment agency. Data were collected over a 2-1/2 year period by therapistsExpand
Women Who Have Taken Their Lives Back from Compulsive Gambling: Results from an Online Survey
ABSTRACT Although up to half of all gamblers and at least one-third of all problem gamblers are women in the United States, they are underrepresented and overlooked in research studies, treatment,Expand
An All-Female Problem-Gambling Counseling Treatment: Perceptions of Effectiveness
Despite the fact that gambling is not gender-specific, the majority of the research in Western culture has focused on the situation of the American male gambler. Women of all ages, income, andExpand
An Update on Gender Differences in the Characteristics Associated with Problem Gambling: a Systematic Review
Purpose of ReviewIdentifying and understanding gender differences associated with the development, maintenance and consequences of problem gambling has important implications for improving preventionExpand
Characteristics of People Seeking Help from Specialized Programs for the Treatment of Problem Gambling in Ontario
Objectives: The objectives of this study are to estimate the number of people seeking treatment on an annual basis in Ontario at specialized problem gambling treatment programs and describe importantExpand
Generational comparison among female pathological gamblers
Research in gambling has only briefly examined age differences among problem gamblers, holding an anecdotal view that senior gamblers are more vulnerable to problem gambling. This study examinesExpand
Gender Differences Among Helpline Callers: Prospective Study of Gambling and Psychosocial Outcomes
Although different approaches for women may be required by helplines if the goal is to refer callers to treatment, the results suggest that after calling the helpline, women reduced their problematic gambling and improved psychosocial functioning without further treatment. Expand


A feminist critique of problem gambling research.
Using a liberal feminist orientation, the literature on a diverse range of topics concerning the profile of the pathological gambler, from personality traits to psychiatric orientation, as well asExpand
A qualitative study of barriers to formal treatment among women who self-managed change in addictive behaviours.
  • J. Copeland
  • Medicine
  • Journal of substance abuse treatment
  • 1997
This qualitative study explored the barriers to formal treatment seeking among women who self-managed change in their alcohol and other drug dependence and identified social stigma and labelling. Expand
The prevalence and demographics of pathological gamblers: implications for public health.
  • R. Volberg
  • Medicine
  • American journal of public health
  • 1994
Findings raise a number of issues, including the potential impacts of continued gambling legalization on the overall rate of gambling problems in the general population and on specific at-risk groups, including women, minorities, and children. Expand
Male role and gender role conflict: Relations to help seeking in men.
Tested theory that adherence to the traditional male gender role and help-seeking attitudes and behaviors are related. Ss were 401 undergraduate men who completed measures of help-seeking attitudesExpand
Measurement and structure of pathological gambling behavior.
A factor analysis of behaviors hypothesized to relate to pathological gambling resulted in a multidimensional model of the disorder, including distinct neurotic, psychopathic, and impulsive components. Expand
  • D. G. Rice
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Journal of nervous and mental disease
  • 1969
Demographic and social characteristics, including those previous research has indicated distinguish which students from the university community apply to the clinic, failed to discriminate students of either sex who were selected for therapy. Expand
Follow-up of pathological gamblers after treatment.
The results demonstrate that pathological gambling is a treatable mental disorder and significant improvement on a wide range of measures was documented. Expand
Women and Substance Abuse: Critical Issues in Treatment Design
The status of women who abuse drugs is briefly reviewed and important considerations for treatment design are proposed. General concerns stress the importance of a well formulated treatmentExpand
The Rotter I-E Scale as a Predictor of Relapse in a Population of Compulsive Gamblers
An attempt was made to predict incidence of compulsive gamblers' relapse, based on the findings, with the variables of religious background, age, marital status, education, type of work, and childhood physical abuse. Expand
Gender-role conflict scale: College men's fear of femininity
Gender-role conflict exists when gender roles have negative consequences for people. This research reports initial validity and reliability data on measures of gender-role conflict for men. TwoExpand