Sex Differences in Insular Cortex Gyri Responses to the Valsalva Maneuver

  title={Sex Differences in Insular Cortex Gyri Responses to the Valsalva Maneuver},
  author={Paul M Macey and Nicholas S. Rieken and Rajesh Kumar and Jennifer A. Ogren and Holly R. Middlekauff and Paula Wu and Mary A. Woo and Ronald M. Harper},
  booktitle={Front. Neurol.},
Sex differences in autonomic regulation may underlie cardiovascular disease variations between females and males. One key autonomic brain region is the insular cortex, which typically consists of five main gyri in each hemisphere, and shows a topographical organization of autonomic function across those gyri. The present study aims to identify possible sex differences in organization of autonomic function in the insula. We studied brain functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) responses to… CONTINUE READING


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