Sex-Differences and Temporal Consistency in Stickleback Fish Boldness

  title={Sex-Differences and Temporal Consistency in Stickleback Fish Boldness},
  author={Andrew J King and Ines F{\"u}rtbauer and Diamanto Mamuneas and Charlotte James and Andrea Manica},
  booktitle={PloS one},
Behavioural traits that co-vary across contexts or situations often reflect fundamental trade-offs which individuals experience in different contexts (e.g. fitness trade-offs between exploration and predation risk). Since males tend to experience greater variance in reproductive success than females, there may be considerable fitness benefits associated with "bolder" behavioural types, but only recently have researchers begun to consider sex-specific and life-history strategies associated with… CONTINUE READING
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