Sex Bias in Graduate Admissions: Data from Berkeley

@article{Bickel1975SexBI,
  title={Sex Bias in Graduate Admissions: Data from Berkeley},
  author={Peter J. Bickel and E. A. Hammel and J W O'connell},
  journal={Science},
  year={1975},
  volume={187},
  pages={398 - 404}
}
Examination of aggregate data on graduate admissions to the University of California, Berkeley, for fall 1973 shows a clear but misleading pattern of bias against female applicants. Examination of the disaggregated data reveals few decision-making units that show statistically significant departures from expected frequencies of female admissions, and about as many units appear to favor women as to favor men. If the data are properly pooled, taking into account the autonomy of departmental… 
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