Sex, the aging immune system, and chronic disease.

  title={Sex, the aging immune system, and chronic disease.},
  author={Melanie R. Gubbels Bupp},
  journal={Cellular immunology},
  volume={294 2},
The immune systems of men and women differ in significant ways, especially after puberty. In particular, females are generally more prone to autoimmunity, but experience lower rates of infections and chronic inflammatory disease. Sex hormones, genes encoded on the sex chromosomes, and gender-specific behaviors likely contribute to these differences. The aging process is associated with changes in the composition and function of the immune system and these changes may occur at an accelerated… CONTINUE READING
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  • Gjata, et al., Sex and parity modulate cytokine…
  • 2015
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