Sex, stress and their influence on respiratory regulation.

  title={Sex, stress and their influence on respiratory regulation.},
  author={Richard Kinkead and Pierre A. Guertin and Roumiana Gulemetova},
  journal={Current pharmaceutical design},
  volume={19 24},
Much like locomotion or micturition, respiration is a rhythmic and stereotyped motor pattern controlled mainly by non-cortical structures including a complex circuit in the brainstem. Because tight regulation of lung ventilation is essential from the beginning of life, it has been presumed that the neural system regulating breathing is fixed, following a genetically predetermined developmental pattern. Here, we review evidence indicating that early life exposure to a non-systemic stress in the… CONTINUE READING