Sex, drugs and science: the IOC’s and IAAF’s attempts to control fairness in sport

@article{Krieger2019SexDA,
  title={Sex, drugs and science: the IOC’s and IAAF’s attempts to control fairness in sport},
  author={J{\"o}rg Krieger and Lindsay Parks Pieper and Ian Ritchie},
  journal={Sport in Society},
  year={2019},
  volume={22},
  pages={1555 - 1573}
}
Abstract This paper traces the history of two important policies in sport: rules against drugs and ‘ambiguous’ athletes in women’s events. We identify three phases in the work of the International Olympic Committee’s and International Amateur Athletic Federation’s medical committees: (1) from the mid-1960s to the 1970s, the medical grounding of the committees and the members’ worldviews encouraged the groups to enlist scientific techniques to solve drug use and sex ambiguity issues; (2) from… 
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