Severe impairments of social interaction and associated abnormalities in children: Epidemiology and classification

@article{Wing1979SevereIO,
  title={Severe impairments of social interaction and associated abnormalities in children: Epidemiology and classification},
  author={Lorna Wing and Judith Gould},
  journal={Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders},
  year={1979},
  volume={9},
  pages={11-29}
}
  • L. WingJ. Gould
  • Published 1 March 1979
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
The prevalence, in children aged under 15, of severe impairments of social interaction, language abnormalities, and repetitive stereotyped behaviors was investigated in an area of London. A “socially impaired” group (more than half of whom were severely retarded) and a comparison group of “sociable severely mentally retarded” children were identified. Mutism or echolalia, and repetitive stereotyped behaviors were found in almost all the socially impaired children, but to a less marked extent in… 

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  • 1981

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  • L. Wing
  • Psychology
    Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 1981
It is hypothesized that the socially impaired lack certain abilities that are inborn in normal children and the sociable mentally retarded: namely, the capacity to produce and monitor the normal speciesspecific preverbal sounds, the drive to explore the environment and form concepts to explain experiences, and the ability to recognize that other human beings are of special interest and importance.

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Significant increase in impairment over time within the socially impaired group and implications for a further follow-up study are discussed.

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The results support the notions that social impairment remains a distinct feature of ASD in adults with ID, that autism and PDD-NOS are two conditions on the same spectrum, and that this spectrum is relevant for adults withID.

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  • L. Wing
  • Psychology, Medicine
    British Journal of Psychiatry
  • 1980
The findings supported the view that reports of a social class bias in autism may be explained by factors affecting referral and diagnosis.

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Male children were found to have better level of intelligence and verbal communication compared with female counterparts, and there was no significant difference in social quotient, activity level and non-verbal communication between male and female children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.

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A conclusion of this paper is that the varied expression of autism may require that the authors understand how autism interacts with other non-syndrome-specific processes that are related to individual differences in all people.

Chronicity of Challenging Behaviours in People with Severe Intellectual Disabilities and/or Autism: A Total Population Sample

“Abnormal” behaviours tended to reduce with age and were associated with poorer language skills and poorer quality of social interaction, and individuals with most abnormal behaviours at time 1, tended to have most at time 2.
...

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