Severe aortopathy due to fibulin-4 deficiency: molecular insights, surgical strategy, and a review of the literature

Mutations in the EFEMP2 (alias FBLN4) gene, which encodes the extracellular matrix protein fibulin-4, lead to severe aortopathy with aneurysm formation and vascular tortuosity. The disease phenotype, termed autosomal recessive cutis laxa type 1B (ARCL 1B), is rare among heritable connective tissue diseases but becomes more likely when noting family… CONTINUE READING