Severe Social Withdrawal: Cultural Variation in Past Hikikomori Experiences of University Students in Nigeria, Singapore, and the United States

  title={Severe Social Withdrawal: Cultural Variation in Past Hikikomori Experiences of University Students in Nigeria, Singapore, and the United States},
  author={Julie C. Bowker and Matthew H. Bowker and Jonathan Bruce Santo and Adesola Adebusola Ojo and Rebecca G Etkin and Radhi Raja},
  journal={The Journal of Genetic Psychology},
  pages={217 - 230}
Abstract Hikikomori (social withdrawal that lasts six months or longer) is a growing problem among Japanese adolescents and young adults, with recent estimates that approximately 1% of Japanese youths will suffer from an episode of hikikomori in their lifetimes. What remains unclear is whether hikikomori is a culture-bound syndrome or a condition impacting youths around the globe. Hence, the self-reported prevalence and psychosocial correlates of past experiences with hikikomori were examined… 
It has been suggested that social withdrawal (NEET/Hikikomori behaviour) occurs as a result of an individual’s difficulty to adapt to social norms and pressures within given cultures
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