Seventy Years of Getting Transistorized [Historical]

  title={Seventy Years of Getting Transistorized [Historical]},
  author={Massimo Guarnieri},
  journal={IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine},
  • M. Guarnieri
  • Published 1 December 2017
  • Physics
  • IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine
Vacuum tubes appeared at the break of the 20th century, giving birth to electronics [1]. By the 1930s, they had become established as a mature technology, spreading into areas such as radio communications, longdistance radiotelegraphy, radio broadcasting, telephone communication and switching, sound recording and playing, television, radar, and air navigation [2]. During World War II, vacuum tubes were used in the first electronic computers, which were built in the United Kingdom and the United… 

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