The 17 International Conference on Flow Injection Analysis was held in Krakow, Poland, from 3 to 8 July, 2011. The conference was organized under the auspices of the Committee of Analytical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Japanese Association for Flow Injection Analysis (JAFIA). This was the first time that Poland had hosted this conference, which has been held regularly since 1989. The organizing committee consisted of academic staff and PhD students from the Department of Analytical Chemistry of the Faculty of Chemistry, the Jagiellonian University. The Chairpersons of the Organizing Committee were Paweł Kościelniak and Joanna Kozak. The organizers succeeded in drawing 141 participants from 24 countries to Krakow: in fact, the majority of scientists who over the years have contributed significantly to methodological and instrumental development as well as practical utilization of flow injection analysis were present at the conference. Invitations were accepted by, amongst others, Professors Jaromir Ruzicka and Elo Harald Hansen, regarded as the creators of this branch of analytical chemistry after they published an article entitled “Flow Injection Analysis. Part I. A New Concept of Fast Continuous Flow Analysis” in 1975. The conference was also attended by Professor Gary D. Christian, the originator of and tireless driving force behind the ICFIA conferences.