Seven major genomic deletions of vaccinia virus Tiantan strain are sufficient to decrease pathogenicity.

Abstract

Attenuated strain TTVAC7, as a multi-gene-deleted vaccinia virus Tiantan strain (VTT), was constructed by knocking out parts of non-essential genes related to virulence, host range and immunomodulation of VTT, and by combining double marker screening with exogenous selectable marker knockout techniques. In this study, shuttle vector plasmids pTC-EGFP, pTA35-EGFP, pTA66-EGFP, pTE-EGFP, pTB-EGFP, pTI-EGFP and pTJ-EGFP were constructed, which contained seven pairs of recombinant arms linked to the early and late strong promoter pE/L, as well as to enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) as an exogenous selectable marker. BHK cells were co-transfected/infected successively with the above plasmids and VTT or gene-deleted VTT, and homologous recombination and fluorescence plaque screening methods were used to knock out the gene fragments (TC: TC7L ∼ TK2L; TA35: TA35L; TA66: TA66R; TE: TE3L ∼ TE4L; TB: TB13R; TI: TI4L; TJ: TJ2R). The Cre/LoxP system was then applied to knock out the exogenous selectable marker, and ultimately the gene-deleted attenuated strain TTVAC7 was obtained. A series of in vivo and in vitro experiments demonstrated that not only the host range of TTVAC7 could be narrowed and its toxicity weakened significantly, but its high immunogenicity was maintained at the same time. These results support the potential of TTVAC7 to be developed as a safe viral vector or vaccine.

DOI: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2016.01.013

Cite this paper

@article{Li2016SevenMG, title={Seven major genomic deletions of vaccinia virus Tiantan strain are sufficient to decrease pathogenicity.}, author={Yiquan Li and Yuan Sheng and Yunjie Chu and Huifan Ji and Shuang Jiang and Tian Lan and Min Li and Shuang Chen and Yuanyuan Fan and Wenjie Li and Xiao Li and Lili Sun and Ningyi Jin}, journal={Antiviral research}, year={2016}, volume={129}, pages={1-12} }