Servant Leadership: Its Origin, Development, and Application in Organizations

  title={Servant Leadership: Its Origin, Development, and Application in Organizations},
  author={Sen Sendjaya and James Christopher Sarros},
  journal={Journal of Leadership \& Organizational Studies},
  pages={57 - 64}
  • S. Sendjaya, J. Sarros
  • Published 1 September 2002
  • Sociology
  • Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies
This paper examines the philosophical foundation of servant leadership by extracting several value-laden principles drawn from Greenleafs and Jesus Christ's delineation of the concept. The primary intent and self-concept of servant leaders are singled out as the distinctive features of servant leadership. While empirical research studies are critically needed to develop the concepts underlying the servant leadership movement into sound theory, an accurate understanding of the conceptual roots… 
Servant leadership: History, a conceptual model, multicultural fit, and the servant leadership solution for continuous improvement
This chapter presents the origin of the theoretical framework of servant leadership proposed by Robert Greenleaf. This brief history is followed up by an examination of empirical studies on the key
Servant Leadership and Constructive Development Theory: How Servant Leaders Make Meaning of Service.
A connection between servant leadership and constructive developmental theory is proposed. A theoretical framework is offered that examines the subject and object relationship for servant leaders at
Defining and Measuring Servant Leadership Behaviour in Organizations
This paper examines the development and initial validation of a multidimensional measure of servant leadership behaviour (Servant Leadership Behaviour Scale). Both qualitative and quantitative
Servant Leadership Theory Development & Measurement
Abstract A servant leadership has been raised up in recent years since Robert Greenleaf publish his personal journal about his own experience journey. Years by years, academia becoming interested
The Cross-cultural Leader : the Application of Servant Leadership Theory in the International Context
Leadership theories have evolved from a focus on traits, to behaviors, to contingency theories, to more contemporary approaches including servant leadership theory. This paper provides an overview of
The Historical and Philosophical Influences on Greenleaf's Concept of Servant Leadership: Setting the Stage for Theory Building.
Servant leadership has become a popular topic in both the secular and scholarly literature, as organizations increasingly demand both ethical and authentic leaders. Yet we know little about what
Philosophical roots of servant leadership in the Chinese Confucian context
Servant leadership has proven conceptually popular in Western academic research, while exploration of its transferability to and applicability in other cultures remains underdeveloped. In particular,
Servant Leadership: A systematic literature review—toward a model of antecedents and outcomes
The purpose of this article is multi-layered. First, we focus on gaining a comprehensive insight into a research area which just recently received more recognition in management literature: servant
The Servant Leadership Movement
Uncommon to other well-known leadership models, servant leadership explicitly states that the leader serves as steward by focusing the needs of the follower, whilst growing the followers' autonomy.
Catholic servant-leadership in education: going beyond the secular paradigm
Abstract This article argues that the concept of servant-leadership has been appropriated by secular writings and secular projects. There is a need to reconstruct it in a Catholic and religious


Servant-leadership in organizations: Inspirational and moral
Servant Leadership: Setting the Stage for Empirical Research
Executive Summary Servant Leadership received attention in the popular press, but little empirical research exists to support the theory or the anecdotal evidence used in the popular press material.
The role of values in servant leadership
This paper reviews the existing literature regarding values in leadership. It identifies issues relating to both personal values and organizational values. The literature indicates that values affect
Servant Leadership: A Model for Future Faculty and Future Institutions
The prospect of the comprehensive transformation of higher education provides the special opportunity to consider a new model for future faculty and future institutions. The model proposed and
The Future of Leadership in Learning Organizations
Executive Summary Among the most prominent developments in recent years in the investigation of transformational leadership has been the confirmation of the utility of transformational leadership for
Charismatic leadership in organizations
PART ONE: THEORY DEVELOPMENT Evolution of the Field A Model of Charismatic Leadership Charismatic Leadership Measurement and Empirical Validity PART TWO: COMPONENTS OF CHARISMATIC LEADERSHIP The
Charismatic leadership in business organizations: Some neglected issues
Abstract The article reviews some of the recent literature on charismatic leadership and notes that there has been a tendency for research and theorizing to emphasize a number of issues examined by
Organizational and contextual influences on the emergence and effectiveness of charismatic leadership
Abstract The literature on charismatic leadership in organizations has neglected the organizational context in which such leadership is embedded. The purpose of this article is to enrich and refine
Charismatic and transformational leadership in organizations: An insider's perspective on these developing streams of research
Abstract Over the last decade and a half, the topic areas of charismatic and transformational leadership in organizational settings have undergone a significant evolution in terms of both theory