Servant Leadership: A systematic literature review—toward a model of antecedents and outcomes

  title={Servant Leadership: A systematic literature review—toward a model of antecedents and outcomes},
  author={Jan Gunter Langhof and Stefan G{\"u}ldenberg},
  journal={German Journal of Human Resource Management: Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Personalforschung},
  pages={32 - 68}
The purpose of this article is multi-layered. First, we focus on gaining a comprehensive insight into a research area which just recently received more recognition in management literature: servant leadership. Second, we identify antecedent and outcomes of servant leadership within the existing research body. Third, we synthesize and develop a comprehensive servant leadership model. It assists academics and practitioners in keeping pace with the increasing servant leadership literature. The… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Servant leadership and followers' creativity: does climate for creativity matter?
PurposeThis research proposes, building on social exchange theory and the componential theory of creativity, a model of servant leadership to investigate its effect on followers' creativity throughExpand
Enhancing innovative work behaviour: the role of servant leadership and creative self-efficacy
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the influence of an emerging and idealized leadership style in hospitality research such as servant leadership on employees’ innovative work behaviorExpand
Specifying Servant Leadership as Reflective-Formative Hierarchical Component Models (HCM) in the Context of PLS-SEM
Using the Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) approach, this paper explains the method of validating Servant Leadership (SL) as a reflective-formative construct. ConceptualExpand
Whom to serve? Exploring the moral dimension of servant leadership: Answers from operation Valkyrie
Purpose The article aims at examining the ethical limits and risks of servant leadership. During the Second World War, the German army officer Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg is a loyal servant toExpand
Examining the effects of environmentally-specific servant leadership on green work outcomes among hotel employees: the mediating role of climate for green creativity
ABSTRACT Drawing upon theories of conservation of resources, social information processing and organizational creativity, this study examines the potential effects of environmentally-specific servantExpand
King Frederick the Great – Anti-Machiavellian and Servant Leader?
This study aims to include two major objectives. Firstly, Frederick’s leadership is explored and characterized. Secondly, it is examined as to why a leader may (or may not) adopt servant leadershipExpand
The New Role of Leaders and Leadership in 2030
In 2030, the old dichotomy between management and leadership will appear to us in a completely and radically new light. Management is basically routine work. Therefore, it can be treated likeExpand
The Relationship between Challenge and Hindrance Stressors and Emotional Exhaustion: The Moderating Role of Perceived Servant Leadership
It was demonstrated that both challenge and hindrance stressors were positively related to emotional exhaustion among schoolteachers in Chinese schools and perceived servant leadership buffers the relationship between challenge stressor and emotional exhaustion. Expand
Digital Leadership and Technology
Future Work News
The impact of perceived servant leadership traits and safety climate on task performance and risk-taking behavior in times of crisis
Purpose The adverse effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have opened the door to investigations of the leadership practices needed to guarantee positive work-related outcomes among employees inExpand


Servant Leadership: A Review and Synthesis:
Servant leadership is positioned as a new field of research for leadership scholars. This review deals with the historical background of servant leadership, its key characteristics, the availableExpand
Servant Leadership: A Review and Synthesis
Servant leadership is positioned as a new field of research for leadership scholars. This review deals with the historical background of servant leadership, its key characteristics, the availableExpand
The Cross-cultural Leader : the Application of Servant Leadership Theory in the International Context
Leadership theories have evolved from a focus on traits, to behaviors, to contingency theories, to more contemporary approaches including servant leadership theory. This paper provides an overview ofExpand
A Systematic Literature Review of Servant Leadership Theory in Organizational Contexts
A new research area linked to ethics, virtues, and morality is servant leadership. Scholars are currently seeking publication outlets as critics debate whether this new leadership theory isExpand
Servant Leadership: Its Origin, Development, and Application in Organizations
This paper examines the philosophical foundation of servant leadership by extracting several value-laden principles drawn from Greenleafs and Jesus Christ's delineation of the concept. The primaryExpand
How might servant leadership work
This study examines the mechanics of servant leadership, particularly how it enhances organizational citizenship and how that drives organizational effectiveness. A case study of three successfulExpand
Transformational and Servant Leadership: Content and Contextual Comparisons
The purpose of the study is to examine conceptual similarities of transformational and servant leadership theories and analyze the contribution both theories make to the understanding of leadership.Expand
Servant leadership and commitment to change, the mediating role of justice and optimism
Purpose – The main aim of this study was to contribute to the change management literature by providing additional insight into how leadership encourages commitment toExpand
Impact of Transformational and Servant Leadership on Organizational Performance: A Comparative Analysis
The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of two comparative leadership styles on organizational performance outcomes. The leadership styles undertaken is transformational and servantExpand
Antecedents of Servant Leadership
This mixed methods study explored the antecedents of servant leadership. The sequential explanatory research design consisted of two distinct phases: quantitative followed by qualitative. The Phase 1Expand