Gender-related differences in the association between serum uric acid and left ventricular mass index in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
The association of serum uric acid (UA) with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) remains controversial. We investigated this issue in a general population. Participants consisted of 1,943 subjects (774 males and 1,169 females) aged over 40 years, living in Tanushimaru (a Japanese cohort of the Seven Countries Study). Serum UA and other biochemistry parameters were determined by a standard analytical technique. All individuals underwent anthropometric measurements and 2-dimensional echocardiography. Because serum UA levels are much higher in males than in females, they were analyzed separately. When LV mass index (LVMI) levels were stratified according to tertile as low (≤ 80 cm(2): n = 261), middle (81-103 cm(2): n = 261), and high (≥ 104 cm(2): n = 252) in males, there were significant relationships between LVMI and UA, in addition to age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, medication for hypertension, triglycerides, and alcohol intake. Multiple stepwise regression analysis revealed LVMI was significantly associated with systolic BP (P < 0.0001), medication for hypertension (P < 0.0001), UA (P = 0.003), BMI (P = 0.019), and alcohol intake (P = 0.038) in males. In females, LVMI was not associated with UA. In a multiple logistic regression analysis, a significantly higher odds ratio of LVH (odds ratio: 1.77, 95%CI: 1.01-3.09, P < 0.05) was observed for males in the highest UA tertile versus the lowest UA tertile after adjustments for confounding factors, but not for females. In this cross-sectional study, there was a clear difference in the relation of UA and LVH between males and females. High serum UA was significantly and independently associated with LVH evaluated by echocardiography in only males of a general population.