Obesity and Weight Loss: The Influence of Thyroid Hormone on Adipokines
This work was undertaken to examine the relationship between thyroid hormone and serum leptin concentration. This study included 368 Japanese female subjects (27 were affected with pretreatment hyperthyroidism, 68 with hyperthyroidism during treatment, 19 with pretreatment hypothyroidism, 57 with hypothyroidism during treatment and 197 euthyroid control subjects) and 60 control male subjects. In the control group, serum leptin levels in males were lower than those recorded in females (mean +/- SD; 4.6 +/- 4.1 vs 9.5 +/- 6.4 ng/ml, p < 0.001). The leptin values correlated well with body mass index (BMI) and body fat mass (BFM) in both control male and female subjects (p < 0.001 for each). The serum leptin levels in pretreatment female patients with hyperthyroidism were significantly lower than those in the pretreatment patients with primary hypothyroidism and control female subjects (6.4 +/- 3.0 vs 9.7 +/- 6.3, 9.5 +/- 6.4 ng/ml; p < 0.05, 0.02, respectively), but after adjusting for BMI and BFM, the difference was mainly due to the significantly different BMI and BFM. Furthermore, serum leptin did not change significantly during the treatment in hyper and hypothyroidism. There was no correlation between serum leptin and thyroid hormones or lipids levels in female patients with thyroid disorders. Adiposity and gender were the major determinants of leptin concentration, but thyroid hormones did not appear to play any relevant role in leptin synthesis and secretion in human.