Serum-derived hepatitis C virus infection of primary human hepatocytes is tetraspanin CD81 dependent.


Hepatitis C virus-positive serum (HCVser, genotypes 1a to 3a) or HCV cell culture (JFH1/HCVcc) infection of primary normal human hepatocytes was assessed by measuring intracellular HCV RNA strands. Anti-CD81 antibodies and siRNA-CD81 silencing markedly inhibited (>90%) HCVser infection irrespective of HCV genotype, viral load, or liver donor, while hCD81-large intracellular loop (LEL) had no effect. However, JFH1/HCVcc infection of hepatocytes was modestly inhibited (40 to 60%) by both hCD81-LEL and anti-CD81 antibodies. In conclusion, CD81 is involved in HCVser infection of human hepatocytes, and comparative studies of HCVser versus JFH1/HCVcc infection of human hepatocytes and Huh-7.5 cells revealed that the cell-virion combination is determinant of the entry process.

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@article{Molina2008SerumderivedHC, title={Serum-derived hepatitis C virus infection of primary human hepatocytes is tetraspanin CD81 dependent.}, author={Sonia Molina and Val{\'e}rie Castet and Lydiane Pichard-Garcia and Czeslaw Wychowski and Eliane F Meurs and Jean Marc Pascussi and Camille Sureau and J Fabre and Antonio Sacunha and Dominique G Larrey and Jean Dubuisson and Joliette Coste and Jane A McKeating and Patrick Maurel and Chantal Fournier-Wirth}, journal={Journal of virology}, year={2008}, volume={82 1}, pages={569-74} }