Serum androgen profile and physical performance in women Olympic athletes

  title={Serum androgen profile and physical performance in women Olympic athletes},
  author={E Eklund and Bo Berglund and Fernand Labrie and Kjell Carlstr{\"o}m and Lena Ekstr{\"o}m and Angelica Lind{\'e}n Hirschberg},
  journal={British Journal of Sports Medicine},
  pages={1301 - 1308}
Background The role of endogenous androgens for body composition and physical performance in women athletes is still not elucidated. [] Key Method Study design Cross-sectional study, conducted between 2011 and 2015 at the Women’s Health Research Unit, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm. Methods Swedish women Olympic athletes (n=106) and age-matched and body mass index-matched sedentary controls (n=117) were included in the study.

Urinary Steroid Profile in Elite Female Athletes in Relation to Serum Androgens and in Comparison With Untrained Controls

The urinary concentrations of steroid metabolites were lower in elite athletes than in sedentary controls, although serum steroids were comparable between groups, and alternative excretion routes of androgens in the athletes related to training are suggested.

The Role of Androgens for Body Composition and Physical Performance in Women

The results support a significant role of endogenous androgens for athletic performance in women and it has been demonstrated that women with mild hyperandrogenism like polycystic ovary syndrome are overrepresented in elite athletes.

Digit Ratio (2D:4D) and Physical Performance in Female Olympic Athletes

The 2D:4D ratio was significantly lower in the athletes compared with controls although serum testosterone levels were comparable between groups and within normal reference values, and it was suggested that the 2D:[4D]3D ratio could reflect androgen metabolism and may be of importance for sporting success in female athletes.

Why do endocrine profiles in elite athletes differ between sports?

It is unclear whether the differences in hormone profiles between sports is a reason why they become elite athletes in that sport or is a consequence of the arduous processes involved and this may well be true for endocrine profiles.

Is testosterone responsible for athletic success in female athletes?

The data suggest that the measurement of the serum T levels significantly correlates with athletic success in sprinters but not other types of athletes and in the future may be useful in the prediction of sprinting ability.

Effects of moderately increased testosterone concentration on physical performance in young women: a double blind, randomised, placebo controlled study

The study supports a causal effect of testosterone in the increase in aerobic running time as well as lean mass in young, physically active women.

Correction: Serum androgen levels and their relation to performance in track and field: mass spectrometry results from 2127 observations in male and female elite athletes

  • Education
    British Journal of Sports Medicine
  • 2021
This erratum aims to clarify persisting questions raised by independent statisticians regarding the lack of evidence for causality in three articles exploring the correlation between serum androgen concentrations and levels of performance in a number of physical tests or athletics competitive events, in elite female athletes.

Female hyperandrogenism and elite sport

Emerging evidence indicates that testosterone, which can increase muscle mass and strength, stimulates erythropoiesis, promotes competitive behaviour, and enhances the physical performance of women.

Is muscle mechanical function altered in polycystic ovary syndrome?

Women with PCOS have increased average lower limb power that is associated with hyperandrogenism, and these measurements were correlated with bioavailable testosterone.

Testosterone, Athletic Context, Oral Contraceptive Use, and Competitive Persistence in Women

The purpose of this study is to provide a descriptive account of salivary testosterone levels in women in relation to being an athlete, sporting level, competitive context, and oral contraceptive



Serum androgen levels in elite female athletes.

This is the first study to establish normative serum androgens values in elite female athletes, while taking into account the possible influence of menstrual status, oral contraceptive use, type of athletic event, and ethnicity.


  • M. Stone
  • Education
    Journal of strength and conditioning research
  • 2006
A significant positive relationship was identified between testosterone levels and vertical jump performance when all data where considered, and women's jumping ability was significantly different between women and men athletes.

Endogenous anabolic and catabolic steroid hormones in male and female athletes during off season.

Peripheral serum hormone levels during the off season were analysed in 10 male and 10 female athletes, all belonging to the Swedish national teams in skiing and orienteering and in age matched sedentary controls, to reflect an adaptation to several years of hard training.

Relationships between salivary testosterone and cortisol concentrations and training performance in Olympic weightlifters.

A short period of training improved the 1RM performance of Olympic weightlifters in two exercises (snatch and clean and jerk) and the Olympic total and highlighted one possible short-term causative mechanism.

Low bone mineral density is two to three times more prevalent in non-athletic premenopausal women than in elite athletes: a comprehensive controlled study

Female elite athletes have 3–20% higher BMD than non-athletic controls and HI sports athletes have3–22% higherBMD compared with MI and LI sports athletes.

Intramuscular sex steroid hormones are associated with skeletal muscle strength and power in women with different hormonal status

Intramuscular sex steroids to associate with strength and power regulation in female muscle providing novel insight to the field of muscle aging is suggested.

DHEA, physical exercise and doping