Serum androgen levels and their relation to performance in track and field: mass spectrometry results from 2127 observations in male and female elite athletes

@article{Bermon2017SerumAL,
  title={Serum androgen levels and their relation to performance in track and field: mass spectrometry results from 2127 observations in male and female elite athletes},
  author={St{\'e}phane Bermon and Pierre-Yves Garnier},
  journal={British Journal of Sports Medicine},
  year={2017},
  volume={51},
  pages={1309 - 1314}
}
Objective To describe and characterise serum androgen levels and to study their possible influence on athletic performance in male and female elite athletes. [] Key Method To test the influence of serum androgen levels on performance, male and female athletes were classified in tertiles according to their free testosterone (fT) concentration and the best competition results achieved in the highest and lowest fT tertiles were then compared.

Correction: Serum androgen levels and their relation to performance in track and field: mass spectrometry results from 2127 observations in male and female elite athletes

  • Education
    British Journal of Sports Medicine
  • 2021
TLDR
This erratum aims to clarify persisting questions raised by independent statisticians regarding the lack of evidence for causality in three articles exploring the correlation between serum androgen concentrations and levels of performance in a number of physical tests or athletics competitive events, in elite female athletes.

Why do endocrine profiles in elite athletes differ between sports?

TLDR
It is unclear whether the differences in hormone profiles between sports is a reason why they become elite athletes in that sport or is a consequence of the arduous processes involved and this may well be true for endocrine profiles.

Is testosterone responsible for athletic success in female athletes?

TLDR
The data suggest that the measurement of the serum T levels significantly correlates with athletic success in sprinters but not other types of athletes and in the future may be useful in the prediction of sprinting ability.

Circulating Testosterone as the Hormonal Basis of Sex Differences in Athletic Performance

TLDR
Based on the nonoverlapping, bimodal distribution of circulating testosterone concentration (measured by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry)—and making an allowance for women with mild hyperandrogenism, notably women with polycystic ovary syndrome)—the appropriate eligibility criterion for female athletic events should be a circulating testosterone of <5.0 nmol/L.

The Role of Androgens for Body Composition and Physical Performance in Women

TLDR
The results support a significant role of endogenous androgens for athletic performance in women and it has been demonstrated that women with mild hyperandrogenism like polycystic ovary syndrome are overrepresented in elite athletes.

Serum androgen levels are positively correlated with athletic performance and competition results in elite female athletes

TLDR
The exploratory evidence presented in the study is strong, and correction for multiplicity may be too conservative, but it is very unlikely that all these findings are caused by chance.

Female hyperandrogenism and elite sport

Emerging evidence indicates that testosterone, which can increase muscle mass and strength, stimulates erythropoiesis, promotes competitive behaviour, and enhances the physical performance of women.

Hyperandrogenic athletes: performance differences in elite-standard 200m and 800m finals

TLDR
The present study indicates that the percentage difference in performance between women with and women without hyper androgenism does not reach the 3% difference requested by the Court of Arbitration for Sport for the reinstatement of the Hyperandrogenism Regulations, neither does it reach the 10% accepted range of difference inperformance between men and women.
...

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