Serpentinization as a source of energy at the origin of life

@article{Russell2010SerpentinizationAA,
  title={Serpentinization as a source of energy at the origin of life},
  author={Michael J. Russell and A. J. Hall and William F. Martin},
  journal={Geobiology},
  year={2010},
  volume={8}
}
For life to have emerged from CO2, rocks, and water on the early Earth, a sustained source of chemically transducible energy was essential. The serpentinization process is emerging as an increasingly likely source of that energy. Serpentinization of ultramafic crust would have continuously supplied hydrogen, methane, minor formate, and ammonia, as well as calcium and traces of acetate, molybdenum and tungsten, to off‐ridge alkaline hydrothermal springs that interfaced with the metal‐rich… 
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