Serotonin-induced hypercontraction through 5-hydroxytryptamine 1B receptors in atherosclerotic rabbit coronary arteries.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Augmented vasoconstriction to serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) in atherosclerotic vessels plays a crucial role in the development of myocardial ischemia. We investigated mechanisms for serotonin-evoked hypercontraction in atherosclerotic rabbit coronary arteries. METHODS AND RESULTS Contractile responses to serotonergic agents of endothelium-denuded coronary arteries from control and Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbits (WHHL) were examined. WHHL coronary arteries exhibited hypercontraction to 5-HT(1)-receptor agonists; the constrictor threshold concentrations and E:D(50) to serotonin, 5-carboxamidotryptamine, and sumatriptan in WHHL were significantly lower, and the E:(max) in WHHL to these agents were increased 55% to 59% above those of the control. Serotonin-evoked contractions in both groups were inhibited by GR127935 (5-HT(1B/1D) antagonist; 0.1 to 1 nmol/L) and pertussis toxin but not by ketanserin (5-HT(2) antagonist; 0.01 to 1 micromol/L), suggesting that the hypercontraction is most likely mediated by 5-HT(1B/1D) receptors through a pertussis toxin-sensitive pathway. Furthermore, simultaneous measurements of [Ca(2+)](i) and isometric tension of fura-2-loaded arteries revealed that the hypercontraction was concomitant with the augmented elevation of [Ca(2+)](i) in the smooth muscle. The 5-HT(1B) mRNA levels in WHHL coronary arteries increased to 2.5-fold over those in control arteries, whereas neither 5-HT(1D) nor 5-HT(2A) mRNA was detected in either group. CONCLUSIONS Atherosclerotic rabbit coronary arteries exhibited the enhancement in contraction and Ca(2+) mobilization in response to serotonin. The 5-HT(1B) receptor, which is upregulated by atherosclerosis, most likely mediates the augmenting effects of serotonin.

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@article{Ishida2001SerotonininducedHT, title={Serotonin-induced hypercontraction through 5-hydroxytryptamine 1B receptors in atherosclerotic rabbit coronary arteries.}, author={Toshihiko Ishida and Seinosuke Kawashima and Hirata Ki and Takema Sakoda and Yasushi Shimokawa and Yosikazu Miwa and Naoya Inoue and Takashi Ueyama and Masashi Shiomi and Harukuni Akita and Mitsuhiro Yokoyama}, journal={Circulation}, year={2001}, volume={103 9}, pages={1289-95} }