Seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 in Turkey

  title={Seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 in Turkey},
  author={Neslihan Dolar and Server Serdaroğlu and G{\"u}lden Yılmaz and Seyma Ergin},
  journal={Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology},
Background  Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections are among the most common infectious diseases in humans. The prevalence of herpes simplex viruses type 1 (HSV‐1) and type 2 (HSV‐2) varies widely across the world. HSV‐2 infection is the primary cause of genital herpes. It is highly prevalent in human populations in many parts of the world, and is the most common cause of genital ulcer disease worldwide. In spite of the large prevalence and growing incidence of herpes simplex infection (HSV‐1… 
Genital herpes.
Seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 in Nigeria: a systematic review and meta-analyses
The study was limited by the paucity of quality studies, variations in diagnostic methods and high heterogeneity in seroprevalence estimates, so large and representative national epidemiological surveys covering all regions and specific groups are recommended.
Seroepidemiological Study of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 in the Black Sea Region of Turkey
Subgroup analysis indicates a higher HSV-1 infection seropositivity than had been estimated in children and adolescents in the Black Sea region of Turkey, underlines the need for education among potential risk groups.
Seroprevalence, Type-Specific of Herpes Simplex Virus and Associated Risk Factors among Women of Child Bearing Age in Kogi State, Nigeria
The prevalence of the HSV-1 andHSV-2 infections was high among asymptomatic healthy women of childbearing age in Kogi state, Nigeria and efforts should be made to increase the awareness of HSV infection among the child bearing populace.
Seroepidemiology of infection with herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV1 and HSV2) among asymptomatic university students attending Islamic Azad University of Kazeroun, southwest of Iran.
A high prevalence of HSV infection in asymptomatic healthy students of Islamic Azad University of Kazeroun, Fars province, southwest of Iran is confirmed, in agreement with prior studies in which HSV-2 infection was more prevalent among female subjects.
Significant association was found between HSV 2 seroprevalence and education levels, residence, smoking and animal exposure, and presence of pregnancy in women with HSV-2 latent infection was a risk factor for development of BOH.
Herpes Simplex Infection During Pregnancy, Results of a Tertiary Referral Center in Turkey.
This study shows the serologic status, viral culture and PCR testing results of pregnant women who had a symptomatic genital HSV infection and efficacy of management strategies to prevent neonatal herpes infection.
Seroprevalences of herpes simplex virus type 2 and Chlamydia trachomatis in Turkey
This study detected a much higher HSV-2 and C. trachomatis seroprevalence for the Turkish population than expected and previously reported, and points out the importance of preventive measures and the need for greater surveillance for sexually transmitted infections among theTurkish population.
Seroprevalence of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 (HSV 2) in Women with Bad Obstetric History
Significant association was found between HSV 2 seroprevalence and family size and education levels, and was statistically significantly higher in working men as co mpared to housewife.
Herpes simplex virus type 1 in Europe: systematic review, meta-analyses and meta-regressions
HSV-1 epidemiology is transitioning away from its historical pattern of oral acquisition in childhood, and every year, seroprevalence is declining by 1% and the proportion of HSV- 1 in genital herpes is increasing by 1%.


Seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 in selected German populations—relevance for the incidence of genital herpes
Although the rate of infections with HSV‐2 is relatively low in the German population, attention should be given to the further development in adolescents, especially in view of a possible decrease ofHSV‐1 seroprevalence in childhood.
Age-specific prevalence of infection with herpes simplex virus types 2 and 1: a global review.
Information on age- and sex-specific prevalence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 2 and 1 infections is essential to optimize genital herpes control strategies, which increase in importance because
Asymptomatic herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection among pregnant women in Turkey.
To reduce the risk of neonatal herpes, HSV-2 type-specific antibodies should be detected in pregnant women using serological tests that allow to identify women with asymptomatic or subclinical herpes infection and those susceptible to primary genital herpes infection.
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Seroepidemiology in Spain: Prevalence and Seroconversion Rate Among Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinic Attendees
The relatively high seroprevalence (25%) and the low rate of HSV-2 previously reported in the general population in Spain suggest that the virus circulation may be restricted to certain risk groups, such as patients with STDs.
Epidemiology of genital herpes simplex virus infection in developed countries.
  • J. Malkin
  • Medicine, Biology
    Herpes : the journal of the IHMF
  • 2004
Prevention programmes should recognize that HSV-2 seroprevalence increases rapidly in early adult life, and should use validated HSV type-specific tests, report age-specific or age-adjusted prevalence and define the period of time over which samples were collected.
Seroprevalence of HSV-1 and HSV-2 infection in the general French population
A high prevalence of HSV infection in France is confirmed, in agreement with previous results of other survey carried out in other developed countries as regards higher prevalence ofHSV-2 infection in women, the stability of seroprevalence for both HSV types after 35 years of age in females and 45 years ofAge in males.
Seroprevalence and correlates of herpes simplex virus type 2 infection in five sexually transmitted-disease clinics.
HSV-2 infection is common in STD clinic attendees in the United States, even among young age groups, especially among women, and efforts to prevent genital herpes should begin at an early age.
Seroepidemiology of Herpes Simplex virus type 1 and 2 in Western and Southern Switzerland in adults aged 25–74 in 1992–93 : a population-based study
It is demonstrated that by the early nineties, HSV-2 had spread quite largely in the Swiss population, however, the epidemiology of HSv-2 in Switzerland presents paradoxical characteristics, e.g. positive correlation with education level, that have not been observed elsewhere.
Seroprevalence of antibodies to herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 among two sexually active female populations in Middlesbrough, England
Analysis of blood samples obtained from women attending the genitourinary medicine clinic and antenatal clinic in Middlesbrough, England showed that 69.5% GUM patients had HSV-1 antibodies and the figure was 54% in the ANC patients, p<0.0001, which can help in planning sexual health promotion strategies.
Seroprevalence of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Infection Among Attendees of a Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinic in Italy
This is the first Italian survey of HSV‐2 infection conducted with a properly validated, Food and Drug Administration‐approved, type‐specific serologic method in a high‐risk population, and it is likely that between one to three million adults are infected with HSV-2.