Seroprevalence of feline leukemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus infection among cats in North America and risk factors for seropositivity.

@article{Levy2006SeroprevalenceOF,
  title={Seroprevalence of feline leukemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus infection among cats in North America and risk factors for seropositivity.},
  author={Julie K. Levy and H. Morgan Scott and Jessica L Lachtara and P. Cynda Crawford},
  journal={Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association},
  year={2006},
  volume={228 3},
  pages={
          371-6
        }
}
OBJECTIVE To determine seroprevalence of FeLV and FIV infection among cats in North America and risk factors for seropositivity. DESIGN Prospective cross-sectional survey. ANIMALS 18,038 cats tested at 345 veterinary clinics (n=9,970) and 145 animal shelters (8,068) between August and November 2004. PROCEDURE Cats were tested with a point-of-care ELISA for FeLV antigen and FIV antibody. A multivariable random effects logistic regression model was used to identify risk factors… 

Tables from this paper

Seroprevalences of feline leukemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus infection in cats in the United States and Canada and risk factors for seropositivity.

A need to improve compliance with existing guidelines for management of feline retroviruses is indicated after seroprevalences for FeLV antigen and anti-FIV antibody were similar to those reported in previous studies over the past decade.

Seroprevalence of feline leukemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus infection among cats in Canada.

The results suggest that cats in Canada are at risk of Retrovirus infection and support current recommendations that the retrovirus status of all cats should be known.

Seroprevalence of feline immunodeficiency virus, feline leukaemia virus and Toxoplasma gondii in stray cat colonies in northern Italy and correlation with clinical and laboratory data

Stray cat colonies in urban and rural areas of Lombardy, northern Italy, were surveyed for seroprevalence and found male gender and adult age were risk factors for FIV infection, whereas toxoplasmosis exposure was comparable with the worldwide data.

Comparison of risk factors for seropositivity to feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus among cats: a case-case study

Risk factors that have a greater effect on FIV seropositivity include adulthood, being male (neutered or not) and having access to outdoors, while clinical illness was a stronger predictor for FeLV seropposivity.

Seroprevalence of feline leukemia virus, feline immunodeficiency virus and heartworm infection among owned cats in tropical Mexico

The prevalence of retroviral infections found in this study was low, but within the limits reported in the different geographical areas of the world.

Seroprevalences of feline leukemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus in cats with abscesses or bite wounds and rate of veterinarian compliance with current guidelines for retrovirus testing.

A high proportion of cats with abscesses or bite wounds were seropositive for FeLV antigen or FIV antibody, and compliance with recommendations to test cats for retrovirus infection status at acquisition or after treatment for injury was low.

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus and Feline Leukemia Virus Infection in Healthy Cats in Thailand

FIV and FeLV infections occur in healthy cats in North, Northeast and Central Thailand, but prevalence was lower than expected and risk for FIV infection increases with age.

Seroprevalence of feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus in domestic cats of Fortaleza, Ceará

It is demonstrated that mixed breed, castrated, multi-cat environment and indoor lifestyle animals are of greater relevance for FIV and FeLV infection diseases.

Seroprevalence of feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukaemia virus in Australia: risk factors for infection and geographical influences (2011–2013)

Objectives Our aim was to: (i) determine the current seroprevalence of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) in three large cohorts of cats from Australia; and (ii)
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 23 REFERENCES

Prevalence of feline leukemia virus infection and serum antibodies against feline immunodeficiency virus in unowned free-roaming cats.

Prevalence of FeLV infection and seroprevalence for FIV in unowned free-roaming cats in Raleigh and Gainesville are similar to prevalence rates reported for owned cats in the United States, and male cats are at increased risk for exposure to FIV.

Effect of vaccination against feline immunodeficiency virus on results of serologic testing in cats.

Results suggest that vaccination against FIV causes false-positive results for at least 1 year with currently available serologic assays for FIV infection.

Effects of passive transfer of immunity on results of diagnostic tests for antibodies against feline immunodeficiency virus in kittens born to vaccinated queens.

It is suggested that kittens readily absorb antibodies against FIV in colostrum from vaccinated queens and that these antibodies may interfere with results of commercially available tests for FIV infection past the age of weaning.

Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat

  • C. Greene
  • Medicine, Biology
    Australian Veterinary Journal
  • 1999
Part I: Viral, Rickettsial, And Mycoplasmal Diseases, and Part II: Clinical Problems.

Humane strategies for controlling feral cat populations.

Debate about the true impact of free-roaming cats on the envi-ronment, on feline welfare, and as a reservoir of feline and zoonotic diseases is ongoing, often emotional, andfueled largely by a lack of sound scientific data on which to base credible conclusions.

Feline Leukemia Virus

T he feline leu k em ia v iru s (FeLV) is the cau sa tiv e ag e n t o f th e m o st im p o rta n t fata l in fec tious-d isease com plex of A m erican d om estic cats today . It is a h o rizo n ta

Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat

Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat, by Craig E. Greene. Published by Elsevier, 2006, 3rd edition, hardback, 1424 pages, Price £73.99, ISBN‐10: 1416036008, ISBN‐13: 978‐1416036005

Applied Logistic Regression

Applied Logistic Regression, Third Edition provides an easily accessible introduction to the logistic regression model and highlights the power of this model by examining the relationship between a dichotomous outcome and a set of covariables.

The analysis of longitudinal data

1. Introduction 2. Design considerations 3. Exploring longitudinal data 4. General linear models 5. Parametric models for covariance structure 6. Analysis of variance methods 7. Generalized linear