Serological diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection: Recommendations from the French National Reference Center for Toxoplasmosis.

Abstract

Toxoplasmosis manifests no clinical signs in 80% of cases in immunocompetent patient, causing immunization characterized by the persistence of cysts, particularly in brain, muscles, and retina. Assessing the serological status, based on testing for serum toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies, is essential in cases that are increasingly at risk for the more severe disease forms, such as congenital or ocular toxoplasmosis. This disease also exposes immunosuppressed patients to reactivation, which can lead to more widespread forms and increased mortality. By interpreting the serological results, we can estimate the risk of contamination or reactivation and define appropriate prophylactic and preventive measures, such as hygienic and dietetic, therapeutic, biological, and clinical follow-up, according to the clinical context. We hereby propose practical approaches based on serological data, resulting from a consensus of a group of experts from the French National Reference Center Network for Toxoplasmosis, according to both routine and specific clinical situations.

DOI: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2015.09.009
05010015020162017
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@article{Villard2016SerologicalDO, title={Serological diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection: Recommendations from the French National Reference Center for Toxoplasmosis.}, author={Odile Villard and Bernard Cimon and Coralie L'ollivier and H Fricker-Hidalgo and Nadine Godineau and Sandrine Houz{\'e} and Luc Paris and Herv{\'e} Pelloux and Isabelle Villena and Ermanno Candolfi}, journal={Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease}, year={2016}, volume={84 1}, pages={22-33} }