Serologic evaluation of human microcystin exposure.

  title={Serologic evaluation of human microcystin exposure.},
  author={Elizabeth D. Hilborn and Wayne W. Carmichael and Raquel Moraes Soares and Moucun Yuan and Jerome C. Servaites and Hugh A. Barton and Sandra Maria Feliciano de Oliveira e Azevedo},
  journal={Environmental toxicology},
  volume={22 5},
Microcystins are among the most commonly detected toxins associated with cyanobacteria blooms worldwide. Two episodes of intravenous microcystin exposures occurred among kidney dialysis patients during 1996 and 2001. Analysis of serum samples collected during these episodes suggests that microcystins are detectable as free and bound forms in human serum. Our goal was to characterize the biochemical evidence for human exposure to microcystins, to identify uncertainties associated with… CONTINUE READING

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