[Serologic cross-reactions to Leishmania infantum using indirect immunofluorescence in HIV+ and HIV- patients with active tuberculosis].

Abstract

BACKGROUND Clinical presentation of disseminated tuberculosis and visceral leishmaniosis can be very similar, mainly in those infected with HIV, being serology a useful tool in making a differential diagnosis. Cross-reactions of IFAT serodiagnosis of visceral leishmaniosis with other diseases are well known, but few data is available with tuberculosis. METHODS AND RESULTS Detection of serum antibodies against Leishmania, using a commercial IFAT kit, was attempted in sera of 51 patients with active pulmonar and/or extrapulmonar tuberculosis (25 HIV+ and 26 HIV-). Overall cross-reactions was found in 19.6% patients without significative differences in between 2 groups, but differences in positive serum titres was observed: one at 1/256, three at 1/160, and one at 1/80 dilution, in the HIV+ group, whereas all 5 patients in HIV- group cross-reacted at 1/80 dilution. Recognition of specific leishmanial antigenic bands by serum antibodies of patients with tuberculosis were not clearly defined by Western-blot. CONCLUSIONS IFAT technique for leishmaniosis cross-react in 20% of patients with tuberculosis.

Cite this paper

@article{LpezVlez1998SerologicCT, title={[Serologic cross-reactions to Leishmania infantum using indirect immunofluorescence in HIV+ and HIV- patients with active tuberculosis].}, author={Rogelio L{\'o}pez-V{\'e}lez and M C Turientes and Enrique G{\'o}mez-Mampaso}, journal={Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiología clínica}, year={1998}, volume={16 3}, pages={130-1} }