Serious mismatches continue between science and policy in forest bioenergy

@article{Norton2019SeriousMC,
  title={Serious mismatches continue between science and policy in forest bioenergy},
  author={Michael Norton and Andr{\'a}s B{\'a}ldi and Vicas Buda and Bruno Carli and Pavel Cudl{\'i}n and Mike B. Jones and Atte Korhola and Rajmund Michalski and Francisco Garc{\'i}a Novo and Július Oszlányi and Filpe Duarte Santos and Bernhard Schink and John G Shepherd and Louise E M Vet and Lars Wall{\o}e and Anders Wijkman},
  journal={GCB Bioenergy},
  year={2019},
  volume={11},
  pages={1256 - 1263}
}
In recent years, the production of pellets derived from forestry biomass to replace coal for electricity generation has been increasing, with over 10 million tonnes traded internationally—primarily between United States and Europe but with an increasing trend to Asia. Critical to this trade is the classification of woody biomass as ‘renewable energy’ and thus eligible for public subsidies. However, much scientific study on the net effect of this trend suggests that it is having the opposite… 
Assessing the potential for unaccounted emissions from bioenergy and the implications for forests: The United States and global
Development of the bioenergy sector is being actively pursued in many countries as a means to reduce climate change and fulfill international climate agreements such as the Paris Agreement. Although
Bioenergy—The slope of enlightenment
At the end of April, you would have been paid to receive a barrel of oil, and futures suggest that prices are unlikely to rise above $50/barrel for the next 2 years. Purely for nearterm economics,
Greenhouse Gas Emission Offsets of Forest Residues for Bioenergy in Queensland, Australia
Harnessing sustainably sourced forest biomass for renewable energy is well-established in some parts of the developed world. Forest-based bioenergy has the potential to offset carbon dioxide
Managing sustainability risks of bioenergy in four Nordic countries
Background Bioenergy plays a key role in the transition to a sustainable economy in Europe, but its own sustainability is being questioned. We study the experiences of Sweden, Finland, Denmark and
Does wood bioenergy help or harm the climate?
ABSTRACT The EU, UK, US, and other nations consider wood to be a carbon neutral fuel, ignoring the carbon dioxide emitted from wood combustion in their greenhouse gas accounting. Many countries
Decarbonising Industry via BECCS: Promising Sectors, Challenges, and Techno-economic Limits of Negative Emissions
This paper reviews recent literature on the combined use of bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) in the industries of steel, cement, paper, ethanol, and chemicals, focusing on
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 71 REFERENCES
Forest biomass, carbon neutrality and climate change mitigation. From Science to Policy 3
The Paris Agreement and the EU Climate and Energy Framework set ambitious but necessary targets. Reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by phasing out the technologies and infrastructures that cause
Carbon debt and carbon sequestration parity in forest bioenergy production
The capacity for forests to aid in climate change mitigation efforts is substantial but will ultimately depend on their management. If forests remain unharvested, they can further mitigate the
Economic approach to assess the forest carbon implications of biomass energy.
TLDR
It is shown that when market factors are included in the analysis, expanded demand for biomass energy increases timber prices and harvests, but reduces net global carbon emissions because higher wood prices lead to new investments in forest stocks.
Is woody bioenergy carbon neutral? A comparative assessment of emissions from consumption of woody bioenergy and fossil fuel
Under the current accounting systems, emissions produced when biomass is burnt for energy are accounted as zero, resulting in what is referred to as the ‘carbon neutrality’ assumption. However, if
Reply to comment on ‘Does replacing coal with wood lower CO 2 emissions? Dynamic lifecycle analysis of wood bioenergy’
Bioenergy is booming as nations seek to cut their greenhouse gas emissions. The European Union declared biofuels to be carbon-neutral, triggering a surge in wood use. But do biofuels actually reduce
Range and uncertainties in estimating delays in greenhouse gas mitigation potential of forest bioenergy sourced from Canadian forests
Accurately assessing the delay before the substitution of fossil fuel by forest bioenergy starts having a net beneficial impact on atmospheric CO2 is becoming important as the cost of delaying GHG
Not carbon neutral: Assessing the net emissions impact of residues burned for bioenergy
Climate mitigation requires emissions to peak then decline within two decades, but many mitigation models include 100 EJ or more of bioenergy, ignoring emissions from biomass oxidation. Treatment of
Sustainable bioenergy production with little carbon debt in the Loess Plateau of China
TLDR
This study demonstrated that Miscanthus production in suitable marginal land in the Loess Plateau can offer considerable renewable energy and mitigate climate change with little carbon debt, and suggested that bioenergy production in the similar arid and semiarid region worldwide would contribute to carbon sequestration in the context of rapid climate change.
Harvesting in boreal forests and the biofuel carbon debt
Owing to the extensive critique of food-crop-based biofuels, attention has turned toward second-generation wood-based biofuels. A question is therefore whether timber taken from the vast boreal
...
...