Serious Crime in Urban Neighborhoods: Is There a Race Effect?

@article{Shihadeh2004SeriousCI,
  title={Serious Crime in Urban Neighborhoods: Is There a Race Effect?},
  author={Edward S. Shihadeh and Wesley Shrum},
  journal={Sociological Spectrum},
  year={2004},
  volume={24},
  pages={507 - 533}
}
Most studies of the relationship between race and crime employ data aggregated at the city or SMSA level to show that high proportions of Blacks indicate high levels of crime. However, theoretical accounts of underlying criminogenic processes do not imply an effect for race, but rather involve explicit or implicit reference to the neighborhood as the unit of analysis. We combine 1990 census data with arrest records for 1989–1991 to generate complete block group information (n = 276) for a… 
Race, Class, and Crime: Reconsidering the Spatial Effects of Social Isolation on Rates of Urban Offending
I examine two views on the social isolation–crime link. The first is rooted in the outmigration of nonpoor blacks from black central cities, creating a black class isolation. The second identifies
Segregation, Racial Structure, and Neighborhood Violent Crime1
Drawing on structural racism and urban disadvantage approaches, this article posits a broad influence of citywide racial residential segregation on levels of violent crime across all urban
Issues in the aggregation and spatial analysis of neighborhood crime
TLDR
The relationships between neighborhood characteristics and robbery victimization are explored by applying an improved method for neighborhood crime aggregation and normalization to race-disaggregated incident data and results suggest that controlling for above issues helps better explain the spatial variations of robbed victimization across urban neighborhoods.
Race, Space, and the Spread of Violence Across the City
A central explanation for elevated violence in urban African American neighborhoods is that the relationship can be accounted for by race-related differences in socioeconomic conditions. Yet recent
The Political Context of the Percent Black-Neighborhood Violence Link: A Multilevel Analysis
A century of urban research has established that percentage black associates positively with violence at the neighborhood level. We extend traditional structural explanations for this association by
Macrostructural Analyses of Race, Ethnicity, and Violent Crime: Recent Lessons and New Directions for Research
In 1995, Sampson & Wilson assessed the state of knowledge on race and violence and set forth an approach for future research. We review macrostructural analyses of race, ethnicity, and violent crime
Differential Benefits?
This article investigates whether and how residential loans that accrue to neighborhoods in US urban areas vary in their influence on violent and property crime across distinct race–ethnic
A Neighborhood-level Perspective of Real Estate Determinants in Three U.S. Cities
This study examines the relationships between commonly available socio-economic and environmental determinants of real estate (crime, quality of schools, racial/ethnic diversity, and built
Racial/Ethnic Composition and Violence: Size-of-Place Variations in Percent Black and Percent Latino Effects on Violence Rates.
TLDR
It is found that both black and Latino composition effects are partly explained by controlling for structural conditions (especially structural disadvantage), but this characterizes smaller places much more than the largest, most urbanized places.
Banks and the Racial Patterning of Homicide: A Study of Chicago Neighborhoods
While bank investment is a driving force behind neighborhood viability, few studies have directly examined the effects of bank loan practices on neighborhood crime rates. This paper proposes that
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 59 REFERENCES
Segregation and Crime
Among the handful of studies that examine the influence of segregation on crime, there is a heavy reliance on the idea that segregation is a structured form of inequality that generates high crime
Urban Crime Rates: Effects of Inequality, Welfare Dependency, Region, and Race
If crime is to be explained from a sociological perspective, it should be viewed as a product of social organization. The two basic dimensions of social organization are culture and social structure.
Extremely Disadvantaged Neighborhoods and Urban Crime
Drawing on Wilson (1987), this article assesses two hypotheses concerning the relationship between neighborhood disadvantage and crime : (1) extremely disadvantaged neighborhoods have unusually high
The Cost of Inequality: Metropolitan Structure and Violent Crime
The hypothesis tested is that variations in rates of urban criminal violence largely result from differences in racial inequality in socioeconomic conditions. Data on the 125 largest American
Social Structure and Criminal Victimization
Using victimization data from 57 neighborhoods, this article examines the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and rates of violent crime and burglary. We argue that Shaw and McKay's
Industrial Restructuring and Violence: The Link between Entry-Level Jobs, Economic Deprivation, and Black and White Homicide
Although low-skill, entry-level employment has facilitated the social mobility of central city populations, evidence confirms that these once plentiful jobs are disappearing. This shift in the
Regional and Racial Effects on the Urban Homicide Rate: The Subculture of Violence Revisited
  • S. Messner
  • Sociology
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1983
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the thesis of a "subculture of violence" by examining the realtinships among region, racial composition, and the homicide rate for a sample of 204 Standard
REEXAMINING SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION THEORY USING CALLS TO THE POLICE AS A MEASURE OF CRIME
This study examines social disorganization theory using calls to the police during 1980 in 60 Boston neighborhoods. These data, based on complainant reports of crime rather than official police
Urban Black Violence: The Effect of Male Joblessness and Family Disruption
  • R. Sampson
  • Psychology
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1987
This paper examines the relationships among unemployment, crime, and family disruption in the black "underclass." The main hypothesis tested is that the effect of black adult male joblessness on
The Differing Effects of Economic Inequality on Black and White Rates of Violence
VioLit summary: OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study by Harer and Steffensmeier was to test the relationship between economic inequality and rates of violent crimes disaggregated by race for Standard
...
1
2
3
4
5
...