Sequential megafaunal collapse in the North Pacific Ocean: an ongoing legacy of industrial whaling?

  title={Sequential megafaunal collapse in the North Pacific Ocean: an ongoing legacy of industrial whaling?},
  author={Alan M. Springer and James A. Estes and Guy van Vliet and Terrie M. Williams and Daniel F Doak and Eric M. Danner and Karin A. Forney and Bruno Pfister},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={100 21},
Populations of seals, sea lions, and sea otters have sequentially collapsed over large areas of the northern North Pacific Ocean and southern Bering Sea during the last several decades. A bottom-up nutritional limitation mechanism induced by physical oceanographic change or competition with fisheries was long thought to be largely responsible for these declines. The current weight of evidence is more consistent with top-down forcing. Increased predation by killer whales probably drove the sea… CONTINUE READING
Highly Influential
This paper has highly influenced 10 other papers. REVIEW HIGHLY INFLUENTIAL CITATIONS
Recent Discussions
This paper has been referenced on Twitter 7 times over the past 90 days. VIEW TWEETS

From This Paper

Figures, tables, and topics from this paper.
125 Citations
9 References
Similar Papers


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 125 extracted citations


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-9 of 9 references

NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-AFSC-122 (Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Seattle)

  • J. L. Sease, W. P. Taylor, T. R. Loughlin, K. W. Pitcher
  • 2001

Endangered Species Act — Section 7 , Consultation

  • A. E. York
  • 2000

U . S . Fish and Wildlife Service Report AMNWR 2000 ! 02 ( U . S

  • S. J. Trumble, P. S. Barbosa, M. A. Castellini
  • 2000

The Ecological Detective: Confronting Models with Data (Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton)

  • R. Hilborn, M. Mangel
  • 1997
1 Excerpt

Elephant Seals: Population Ecology, Behavior and Physiology

  • R. M. Laws
  • California Press, Berkeley),
  • 1994

The Killer Whales of Prince William Sound (Prince William Sound Books

  • C. O. Matkin
  • 1994
1 Excerpt

Distance Sampling: Estimating Abundance of Biological Populations

  • T. S. Buckland, D. R. Anderson, K. P. Burnham, J. L. Laake
  • 1993
1 Excerpt

Killer Whales: A Study of Their Identification, Genealogy and Natural History in British Columbia and Washington State (Phantom Press, Nanaimo, BC, Canada)

  • M. A. Bigg, G. M. Ellis, J.K.B. Ford, K. C. Balcomb, III
  • 1987
1 Excerpt

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…