Separation of Powers and Political Accountability

@article{Persson1997SeparationOP,
  title={Separation of Powers and Political Accountability},
  author={Torsten Persson and Gerard Roland and Guido Tabellini},
  journal={Quarterly Journal of Economics},
  year={1997},
  volume={112},
  pages={1163-1202}
}
Political constitutions are incomplete contracts and therefore leave room for abuse of power. In democracies, elections are the primary mechanism for disciplining public officials, but they are not sufficient. Separation of powers between executive and legislative bodies also helps to prevent the abuse of power, but only with appropriate checks and balances. Checks and balances work by creating a conflict of interest between the executive and the legislature, yet requiring both bodies to agree… 

Judicial Branch, Checks and Balances and Political Accountability

This paper attempts to combine the political economics models on separation of powers between the legislature and the executive with public choice theories on the behavior of the judicial branch. We

Public Servants in Parliament: Determinants and Consequences of a Separation of Powers Problem

In order to restrict the abuse of sovereign authority, government functions are assigned to different bodies in a democracy (precept of the separation of powers). Though broadly applied in principle,

Separation of powers with ideological parties

Separation of powers with checks and balances (SP) is usually regarded as a key institution complementing elections in the control of elected officials. However, some analysts and many politicians

Political and Judicial Checks on Corruption: Evidence from American State Governments

The paper investigates the effects of checks and balances on corruption. Within a presidential system, effective separation of powers is achieved under divided government, with the executive and

Documentos de Trabajo Separation of Powers with Ideological Parties

Separation of powers with checks and balances (SP ) is usually regarded as a key institution complementing elections in the control of elected officials. However, some analysts and many politicians

Electoral accountability in a country with two-tiered government

In democracies, elections are the primary mechanism for making politicians act in voters’ interests, but voters are unable to prevent that some resources are diverted to political rents. With two

The Costs and Benefits of a Separation of Powers—An Incomplete Contracts Approach

The separation of the legislative, executive, and judiciary powers is a key principle in most democratic constitutions. We analyze the costs and benefits of separating legislature and executive in an

Divisive politics and accountability

Government Corruption and Legislative Procedures: Is One Chamber Better than Two?

This paper studies the impact of the competition between lobbies and voters on policy outcomes under alternative legislative procedures. Lobbies and citizens have opposing interests in a public

From Royal to Parliamentary Rule Without Revolution, Credible Commitments and the Market for Power within Divided Governments

The domain of possible power assignments within a multicameral government is multidimensional and essentially continuous. This allows policymaking authority to be divided in many ways and also allows
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 25 REFERENCES

A Revisionist View of the Separation of Powers

The doctrine of the separation of powers attracts almost universal support as a central element of the liberal constitution designed to protect citizens against governmental power. However, there is

Lobbying and Incentives for Legislative Organization

Formal theories of the internal organization of legislatures have mainly focused on the United States Congress. While these models have been successful in showing why committee systems should emerge

Economics and Elections: The Major Western Democracies

Does a government's fate at the ballot box hinge on the state of the economy? Is it inflation, unemployment, or income that makes the difference? What triggers economic voting for or against the

Bargaining in Legislatures

Bargaining in legislatures is conducted according to formal rules specifying who may make proposals and how they will be decided. Legislative outcomes depend on those rules and on the structure of

The control of politicians: An economic model

This paper applies economic theory to an analysis of behavior in the public sector. The model focuses on the division of interest between the public and its political representatives. The division of

Electoral accountability and incumbency

This volume's sample of contemporary political theory draws on the rational choice paradigm in general and game theory in particular, and reveals several facts. First, applications of game theory

Partisan Politics, Divided Government, and the Economy

1. Introduction 2. Models of policy divergence 3. A theory of institutional balancing 4. The midterm cycle 5. Diversity, persistence, and mobility 6. Incumbency and moderation 7. Partisan business

Equilibrium Political Budget Cycles

Prior to elections, governments (at all levels) frequently undertake a consumption binge. Taxes are cut, transfers are raised, and government spending is distorted towards highly visible items. The

Collusion and the Theory of Organizations

INTRODUCTION Collusion and the social sciences The phenomenon of collusion, and the concomitant concepts of “group,” “power,” “bureaucracy,” and “politics” figure prominently in political science and

Incumbent performance and electoral control

In the pure theory of electoral competition, citizens compare the platforms of the candidates and vote for the one whose platform is preferred. Candidate strategies are identified with promises about