Separation-Individuation in the Psychotherapy of Symbiotic States*

  title={Separation-Individuation in the Psychotherapy of Symbiotic States*},
  author={Graeme J. Taylor},
  journal={The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry},
  pages={521 - 526}
  • G. Taylor
  • Published 1 November 1975
  • Psychology
  • The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry
Introduction There is confusion surrounding the psychiatric concept of symbiotic states because of the dual application of the term 'symbiosis'. It is used to describe a particular kind of interpersonal relationship but it is also a psychoanalytic concept which refers to an intrapsychic relationship between self and object representations (1,2). Except for the normal symbiotic stage in early childhood development, any subsequent interpersonal or intrapsychic symbiotic relationships may be… 
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In the weeks preceding the evolution to symbiosis, the newborn and very young infant’s sleeplike states far outweigh in proportion the states of arousal, which resembles that primal state of libido distribution that prevailed in intrauterine life.

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A symbiotic syndrome in adults that, although similar to the syndrome in children, has some distinguishing features and it is useful to be precise in distinguishing symbiosis from other chronic psychotic and borderline states because of specific differences in therapy.

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Schizophrenia and Related Subjects. By Harold F. Searles, MD. Price, $12.50. Pp 797. International Universities Press, 227 W 13th St, New York 10011, 1965. Dr. Searles is a prospector in terrain

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of many conditioning factors in the development of asthma, or whether asthma in a greater or lesser number of cases is to be considered an organ-determined psychoneurosis is a matter for discussion.

A contribution of separationindividuation" to "The development of psychic structure." In SeparationIndividuation

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The Tie that Binds." Paper presented to the Dept. of Psychiatry, State University of New York, Downstate

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On Symbiosis and Pseudosymbiosis

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