• Corpus ID: 142831132

Separation: Anxiety and Anger

  title={Separation: Anxiety and Anger},
  author={John Bowlby},
Separation, the second volume of Attachment and Loss, continues John Bowlby's influential work on the importance of the parental relationship to mental health. Here he considers separation and the anxiety that accompanies it: the fear of imminent or anticipated separation, the fear induced by parental threats of separation, and the inversion of the parent-child relationship. Dr Bowlby re-examines the situations that cause us to feel fear and compares them with evidence from animals. He… 

The Emotional Tasks of Moving from Fostering to Adoption: Transitions, Attachment, Separation and Loss

The paradoxical emotional tasks involved for a child moving from fostering to adoption are discussed from two linked perspectives. Attachment theory highlights the fact that the child is being

The Study of Security and Separation: An Unexpected Forerunner of Attachment Theory?

The association between Bowlby and Russell is highlighted in this essay to illustrate how a monumental theory may emerge from ideas already around during a particular historical period.

Attachment, Relational-Needs, and Psychotherapeutic Presence

Humans require the contactful presence of another person who is attuned and responsive to relational-needs. Insecure attachment patterns are the result of repeated disruptions in significant

Attachment and Personality Disorders: A Short Review

Attachment theory is a biopsychosocial model referring to a person’s characteristic ways of relating in close relationships, such as with parents, children, and romantic partners. These ways of

Boosting Attachment Security to Promote Mental Health, Prosocial Values, and Inter-Group Tolerance

In this article, we conceptualize the sense of attachment security as an inner resource and present theory and research on the broaden and build cycle of attachment security generated by the actual


Attachment theory concerns the nature of early experiences of children and the impact of these experiences on aspects of later functioning of particular relevance to personality disorder. The

Developmental Trauma and the Bad Object: Attachment, Identity, Reenactments

Abstract The author explores how continuous violations of a child’s subjectivity may influence his or her defensive strategies and maintenance of identity in adult life as well as how this may be

Maternal separation anxiety: its developmental course and relation to maternal mental health.

Examination of potential differences in psychological correlates between mothers with high and low levels of anxiety when their children were 8 months, 3 1/2 years, and 6 years of age found mothers who had the highest levels of Anxiety tended to have more depressive symptomatology, fewer coping skills, a more negative representation of self, and embraced more traditional sex-role values.

Unresolved Grief and Continuing Bonds: An Attachment Perspective

An important linkage is identified between a prominent indicator of unresolved loss that involves a lapse in the monitoring of reasoning implying disbelief that the person is dead and the clinical writings of J. Bowlby (1980) and V. Volkan (1981) on maladaptive variants of CB expression.



Anxious attachment and defensive reactions associated with day care.

Findings indicate qualitative disturbances in the mother-child relationship in day-care children, and this was attributed to the disruptive effects of frequent daily separations.

Individual Differences in Infant Responses to Brief, Everyday Separations as Related to Other Infant and Maternal Behaviors.

40. Individual differences in four separation-related behaviors--protest, following, and positive greetings or crying on reunion--were examined for 26 infants observed intensively at home during the


Extreme dependent behavior in childhood-a continuing attempt by the child to secure nurturance, succorance, and guidance-has been extensively analyzed during the last decade. From the present vantage

Research in dimensions of early maternal care.

For some time, research and theory have been preoccupied with the significance of experiences during early infancy and their effects on intel lectual and personality development. Although unanimity

Postpartum Psychiatric Syndromes

  • F. Melges
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychosomatic medicine
  • 1968
A study of 100 postpartum patients pointed to a syndrome comprised of feelings of shame, helplessness, and confusion, which may be accentuated in the puerperium by the neonate's incapacity to specify guidelines for his care.

Attempted Suicide as Language: An Empirical Study

It is widely accepted by clinicians that many so-called suicidal attempts' function as a form of communication between the patient and the key figures in his environment, most often conveying an

The Predisposition to Anxiety

The considerations which I present have to do chiefly with the predisposition to anxiety and its relation to increased narcissism, especially in severe neuroses. I present these considerations

School phobia: a study in the communication of anxiety.

  • L. Eisenberg
  • Psychology
    The American journal of psychiatry
  • 1958
Key dynamic factors have been identified and the mode of symptom formation has been outlined as a paradigm for the genesis of neurotic behavior.

Anxiety and neurosis

Anxiety may be debilitating or stimulating; it can result in neurotic symptoms or in improved, heightened performance in an actor or athlete. It is something every human being has experienced.As

Toward the Biology of the Depressive Constellation

  • T. Benedek
  • Psychology
    Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
  • 1956
In “Instincts and Their Vicissitudes” (1915) Freud came to the conclusion that “instincts are subordinate to the three polarities which govern mental life as a whole” and proposed that ego instincts and libidinal instincts are not antagonists ab origine.