Separating multiple processes in implicit social cognition: the quad model of implicit task performance.

@article{Conrey2005SeparatingMP,
  title={Separating multiple processes in implicit social cognition: the quad model of implicit task performance.},
  author={Frederica R. Conrey and Jeffrey W. Sherman and Bertram Gawronski and Kurt Hugenberg and Carla J. Groom},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2005},
  volume={89 4},
  pages={
          469-87
        }
}
The authors argue that implicit measures of social cognition do not reflect only automatic processes but rather the joint contributions of multiple, qualitatively different processes. The quadruple process model proposed and tested in the present article quantitatively disentangles the influences of 4 distinct processes on implicit task performance: the likelihood that automatic bias is activated by a stimulus; that a correct response can be determined; that automatic bias is overcome; and that… 
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