Sentinel-1A/B Combined Product Geolocation Accuracy

Abstract

Sentinel-1A and -1B are twin spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sensors developed and operated by the European Space Agency under the auspices of the Copernicus Earth observation programme. Launched in April 2014 and April 2016, Sentinel-1A and -1B are currently operating in tandem, in a common orbital configuration to provide an increased revisit frequency. In-orbit commissioning was completed for each unit within months of their respective launches, and level-1 SAR products generated by the operational SAR processor have been geometrically calibrated. In order to compare and monitor the geometric characteristics of the level-1 products from both units, as well as to investigate potential improvements, products from both satellites have been monitored since their respective commissioning phases. In this study, we present geolocation accuracy estimates for both Sentinel-1 units based on the time series of level-1 products collected thus far. While both units were demonstrated to be performing consistently, and providing SAR data products according to the nominal product specifications, a subtle beamand mode-dependent azimuth bias common to the data from both units was identified. A method for removing the bias is proposed, and the corresponding improvement to the geometric accuracies is demonstrated and quantified.

DOI: 10.3390/rs9060607

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Cite this paper

@article{Schubert2017Sentinel1ABCP, title={Sentinel-1A/B Combined Product Geolocation Accuracy}, author={Adrian Schubert and Nuno Miranda and Dirk Geudtner and David Small}, journal={Remote Sensing}, year={2017}, volume={9}, pages={607} }