Sentence comprehension and action: Effector specific modulation of the motor system

  title={Sentence comprehension and action: Effector specific modulation of the motor system},
  author={Claudia Scorolli and Anna M. Borghi},
  journal={Brain Research},

Language and Embodiment:sensory-motor and linguistic-social experience.Evidence on sentence comprehension

In this work I address the study of language comprehension in an “embodied” framework. Firstly I show behavioral evidence supporting the idea that language modulates the motor system in a specific

Embodied Cognition: Is Activation of the Motor Cortex Essential for Understanding Action Verbs?

Claims that language-related compatibility effects on RT may arise prior to motor processes, which implies that such effects are not decisive evidence for embodied language understanding, are weakened.

Action word understanding and overt motor behavior

The present findings suggest complete activation of verb-related motor programs during language processing and the hypothesis that this complete activation is necessary requisite to understand the exact meaning of action words because goal and consequence of the actions are represented is supported.

Sentence comprehension and simulation of object temporary, canonical and stable affordances

Where is the action? Action sentence processing in Parkinson's disease

The Action-Sentence Compatibility Effect in ASL: the role of semantics vs. perception*

A significant congruency effect relative to the verb’s semantics rather than to the perceived motion indicates that (a) the motor system is involved in the comprehension of a visual–manual language, and (b) motor simulations for sign language are modulated by verb semanticsrather than by the perceived visual motion of the hands.

Sentence Comprehension: Effectors and Goals, Self and Others. An Overview of Experiments and Implications for Robotics

Overall, the results reveal that the simulation evoked during sentence comprehension is fine-grained, primarily in its connection to the different effectors the authors employ to perform actions.

Virtual action and real action have different impacts on comprehension of concrete verbs

In the last decade, many results have been reported supporting the hypothesis that language has an embodied nature. According to this theory, the sensorimotor system is involved in linguistic



The Action-Sentence Compatibility Effect: It's All in the Timing

Results show that the ACE arises only when participants have the opportunity to plan their motor response while they are processing the sentence, and how the time at which one prepares the motor response required for the sensibility judgment affects the magnitude of the ACE is explored.

Seeing, acting, understanding: motor resonance in language comprehension.

In 5 experiments, the authors addressed 2 novel questions regarding language-based motor resonance regarding visual motion that is associated with an action and whether motor resonance is modulated during sentence comprehension.

Grounding language in action

The data support an embodied theory of meaning that relates the meaning of sentences to human action, and are inconsistent with theories of language comprehension in which meaning is represented as a set of relations among nodes.

Cross-talk between Language Processes and Overt Motor Behavior in the First 200 msec of Processing

Investigating the influence of processing action verbs and concrete nouns on the execution of a reaching movement provides unambiguous evidence that action words and motor action share common cortical representations and could thus suggest that cortical motor regions are indeed involved in action word retrieval.

Language Comprehenders Mentally Represent the Shapes of Objects

Responses were faster when the pictured object's shape matched the shape implied by the sentence than when there was a mismatch, supporting the hypothesis that perceptual symbols are routinely activated in language comprehension.

Putting words in perspective

The results provide a strong link between concept knowledge and situated action.

Walking or Talking?: Behavioral and Neurophysiological Correlates of Action Verb Processing

It is concluded that verb types can differ in their processing speed and can elicit neurophysiological activity with different cortical topographies, which can be related to cognitive processes, in particular to lexical semantic access.

Brain mechanisms linking language and action

For a long time the cortical systems for language and actions were believed to be independent modules. However, as these systems are reciprocally connected with each other, information about language