Sensitization and apoptosis augmentation of K562/ADM cells by anti-multidrug resistance gene peptide nucleic acid and antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotide.

Abstract

AIM To investigate the reversal effect and apoptosis enhancement of peptide nucleic acid (PNA) and antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotide (ASODN) targeted to multidrug resistance gene (mdr1) on human multidrug resistant leukemia K562/ADM cells. METHODS A 15-mer PNA and the same sequence of ASODN, complementary to the 5' end of the AUG initiator codon-containing region of mdr1 messenger RNA (MDR1-PNA, MDR1-ASODN), were designed and synthesized. Proliferation and sensitivity to adriamycin of K562/ADM cells treated with MDR1-PNA- and MDR1-ASODN were analyzed with a MTT colorimetric assay. Apoptotic morphologies, P-glycoprotein (P-gp) expression, intracellular adriamycin accumulation, and cell cycle were measured. RESULTS MDR1-PNA 1 to 10 micromol/L and MDR1-ASODN 2 to 20 micromol/L alone had no inhibitory effects on the proliferation of K562/ADM cells, but significantly inhibited the growth of K562/ADM cells cultured in adriamycin-containing medium. After treatment with MDR1-PNA and MDR1-ASODN, intracellular adriamycin accumulation in K562/ADM cells increased greatly and P-gp synthesis was strikingly reduced. The resistance to adriamycin of the drug-resistant cells was partly reversed and the cells were induced to apoptosis by adriamycin. The reversal efficacy of MDR1-PNA was 3.1-fold higher than that of the same sequence of MDR-ASODN, but neither MDR1-PNA nor MDR1-ASODN could completely block the mdr1/P-gp expression. CONCLUSION Sequence-special PNA targeted to mdr1 gene more effectively than the same sequence of MDR1-ASODN inhibited the expression of P-glycoprotein to overcome the drug-resistance.

Cite this paper

@article{Wei2003SensitizationAA, title={Sensitization and apoptosis augmentation of K562/ADM cells by anti-multidrug resistance gene peptide nucleic acid and antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotide.}, author={Hu-lai Wei and Yong-jie Wu and Tao Jing and De-cheng Bai and Lan-fang Ma}, journal={Acta pharmacologica Sinica}, year={2003}, volume={24 8}, pages={805-11} }