Sensitivity to “Bad Genes” and the Anomalous Face Overgeneralization Effect: Cue Validity, Cue Utilization, and Accuracy in Judging Intelligence and Health

@article{Zebrowitz2004SensitivityT,
  title={Sensitivity to “Bad Genes” and the Anomalous Face Overgeneralization Effect: Cue Validity, Cue Utilization, and Accuracy in Judging Intelligence and Health},
  author={Leslie A. Zebrowitz and Gillian Rhodes},
  journal={Journal of Nonverbal Behavior},
  year={2004},
  volume={28},
  pages={167-185}
}
The bad genes and anomalous face overgeneralization accounts of facial preferences were tested by examining cue validity, cue utilization, and accuracy in judging health and intelligence from faces in the upper and lower halves of the distributions of attractiveness and its components: averageness, symmetry, and masculinity. Consistent with the bad genes hypothesis, facial attractiveness, averageness, symmetry, and male face masculinity each provided valid cues to intelligence and/or health for… 

Social Psychological Face Perception: Why Appearance Matters.

The qualities revealed by facial cues that characterize low fitness, babies, emotion, and identity are overgeneralized to people whose facial appearance resembles the unfit (anomalous face over generalization), babies (babyface overgeneralization), a particular emotion (emotion face over Generalization), or a particular identity (familiar face overGeneralization).

Perceived Health Contributes to the Attractiveness of Facial Symmetry, Averageness, and Sexual Dimorphism

Test results show that perceptions of attractiveness are sensitive to a healthy appearance, and are consistent with the hypothesis that preferences for these traits may be adaptations for mate choice.

Biological Bases of Beauty Revisited: The Effect of Symmetry, Averageness, and Sexual Dimorphism on Female Facial Attractiveness

The factors influencing human female facial attractiveness are studied, finding that shape averageness, dimorphism, and skin texture symmetry are useful features capable of relatively accurate predictions, while shape symmetry is uninformative.

Intelligence and attractiveness in the face: Beyond the attractiveness halo effect

Abstract Positive relationships between perceived intelligence, actual intelligence and facial attractiveness have been attributed to (a) an attractiveness halo effect in which attractive individuals

First impressions from faces : integrating facial dimensions and social categories

When we meet a person for the first time, we can gain a wealth of information from perceiving their face - for example, their age, sex, ethnicity and level of attractiveness. However, we also make

Facial attractiveness: Variation, adaptiveness and consequences of facial preferences

Facial attractiveness: Variation, adaptiveness and consequences of facial preferences This review embraces the following topics: intra- and inter-populational variation of facial preferences,

Accuracy and consensus in judgments of trustworthiness from faces: behavioral and neural correlates.

The data suggest that judgments of trustworthiness may not be accurate but, rather, reflect subjective impressions for which people show high agreement.

A Review of Attractiveness Preferences in Infancy: From Faces to Objects

Despite some interpersonal variability, judgments of facial attractiveness are largely shared by most individuals, both within and between cultures. Infants are also sensitive to attractive faces

Human and Non-Human Primate Preferences for Faces and Facial Attractiveness

For humans and non-human primates (NHPs) the face represents a particularly important source of social information providing a means of conspecific recognition and cues to personal details including

Human's Cognitive Ability to Assess Facial Cues from Photographs: A Study of Sexual Selection in the Bolivian Amazon

The results support the existence of a human ability to identify objective traits from facial cues, as suggested by evolutionary theory.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 54 REFERENCES

Looking Smart and Looking Good: Facial Cues to Intelligence and their Origins

The authors investigated accuracy of judging intelligence from facial photos of strangers across the lifespan, facial qualities contributing to accuracy, and developmental paths producing

Facial symmetry and the perception of beauty

Evolutionary, as well as cultural, pressures may contribute to our perceptions of facial attractiveness. Biologists predict that facial symmetry should be attractive, because it may signal mate

Do facial averageness and symmetry signal health?

Does sexual dimorphism in human faces signal health?

The results support the immunocompetence-handicap hypothesis for male faces in that masculine traits signalled health during adolescence, but suggest that any health-related evolutionary benefits obtained from preferences for attractive facial traits may be weak.

Trait Impressions as Overgeneralized Responses to Adaptively Significant Facial Qualities: Evidence from Connectionist Modeling

Comparisons of normal adult faces to anomalous faces or babies 'faces contribute to impressions of them quite apart from knowledge of overlapping social stereotypes, which is presumed to produce a strong response preparedness that is overgeneralized to faces resembling the unfit or babies.

Averageness, Exaggeration, and Facial Attractiveness

Langlois and her colleagues reported in this journal that composite faces are more attractive than the component faces used to create them, and conjectured that averageness is attractive (Langlois &

Does Human Facial Attractiveness Honestly Advertise Health? Longitudinal Data on an Evolutionary Question

Inspired by the evolutionary conjecture that sexually selected traits function as indicators of pathogen resistance in animals and humans, we examined the notion that human facial attractiveness

Facial asymmetry as an indicator of psychological, emotional, and physiological distress.

The authors assess the relationship between facial FA and health in 2 samples of undergraduates and suggest that facial FA may signal psychological, emotional, and physiological distress.

Facial attractiveness

They don't all look alike: individuated impressions of other racial groups.

Despite the individuated impressions of other-race faces, certain racial stereotypes persisted and Racially universal appearance stereotypes contributed substantially to interracial agreement, which was only marginally lower than intraracial agreement.
...