Sensitivity of a global climate model to an increase of CO2 concentration in the atmosphere

  title={Sensitivity of a global climate model to an increase of CO2 concentration in the atmosphere},
  author={Syukuro Manabe and Ronald J. Stouffer},
  journal={Journal of Geophysical Research},
This study investigates the response of a global model of the climate to the quadrupling of the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. The model consists of (1) a general circulation model of the atmosphere, (2) a heat and water balance model of the continents, and (3) a simple mixed layer model of the oceans. It has a global computational domain and realistic geography. For the computation of radiative transfer, the seasonal variation of insolation is imposed at the top of the model atmosphere… Expand
Summer dryness due to an increase of atmospheric CO2 concentration
To investigate the hydrologic changes of climate in response to an increase of CO2-concentration in the atmosphere, the results from numerical experiments with three climate models are analyzed andExpand
Erratum: Influence of seasonal variation upon the sensitivity of a model climate
This study investigates the influences of the seasonal variation of solar radiation based upon the results of numerical experiments with a mathematical model of climate. The model consists of (1) aExpand
A review of climate models and their simulation of CO2‐induced warming
The characteristics of the different types of climate models are reviewed and are tabulated for the model simulations of CO2‐induced climatic change. These simulations are discussed in terms of theExpand
Influence of Oceanic Heat Transport Upon the Sensitivity of a Model Climate
The influence of oceanic heat transport on the sensitivity of climate to an increase of the atmospheric CO 2 concentration is studied by comparing the CO2-induced changes of two mathematical models.Expand
On the meridional distribution of climate changes due to doubling of CO2 content in the atmosphere
SummaryA two-dimensional radiative-convective model has been developed to calculate mean annual zonally-averaged temperature profiles for 18 latitudinal belts each of 10° width. The model includesExpand
Sensitivity of the LMD General Circulation Model to Greenhouse Forcing Associated with Two Different Cloud Water Parameterizations
Abstract The atmospheric general circulation model of the Laboratoire de Meteorologic Dynamique is coupled to a slab ocean model and is used to investigate the climatic impact of a C02 doubling. TwoExpand
The use of general circulation models in the analysis of the ecosystem impacts of climatic change
The use of general circulation models in the estimation of the impact of climatic change on the global ecosystem is seen to depend primarily on their ability to reliably depict the seasonal andExpand
The Arctic Response to CO2-Induced Warming in a Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Model
A major development in climate research over recent years has been the establishment, at a number of modelling centres, of global coupled general circulation models (GCMs) of the climate system forExpand
The role of the ocean in CO2-induced climate change: preliminary results from the OSU coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation model
Abstract The OSU coupled global atmosphere-ocean general circulation model (GCM) has been used to investigate the role of the ocean in CO 2 -induced climate change. Two 16-year simulations have beenExpand
Climate Model Simulations of CO2-Induced Climatic Change
Publisher Summary This chapter focuses on climate model simulations of CO 2 -induced climatic change. It describes the current issues concerning the study of possible CO 2 -induced climatic change byExpand


On the Distribution of Climate Change Resulting from an Increase in CO2 Content of the Atmosphere
Abstract A study of the climatic effect of doubling or quadrupling of CO2 in the atmosphere has been continued by the use of a simple general circulation model with a limited computational domain,Expand
The Effects of Doubling the CO2 Concentration on the climate of a General Circulation Model
Abstract An attempt is made to estimate the temperature changes resulting from doubling the present CO2 concentration by the use of a simplified three-dimensional general circulation model. ThisExpand
The Effects of Changing the Solar Constant on the Climate of a General Circulation Model
Abstract A study is conducted to evaluate the response of a simplified three-dimensional model climate to changes of the solar constant. The model explicitly computes the heat transport byExpand
A Radiative-Convective Model Study of the CO2 Climate Problem
Abstract A radiative-convective model study of the increase in global surface temperature ΔTg due to an increase in the CO2 concentration is presented. The model considers several weak bands of CO2Expand
Abstract The effect of the hydrology of the earth's surface is incorporated into a numerical model of the general circulation of the atmosphere developed at the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics LaboratoryExpand
A Reassessment of the Effect of CO2 Variations on a Simple Global Climatic Model
Abstract A simple global climatic model described earlier is modified slightly and reapplied to the CO2 problem. The modifications include using a more efficient numerical method to solve the systemExpand
Abstract The results of a numerical time integration of a hemispheric general circulation model of the atmosphere with moist processes and a uniform earth's surface has already been published byExpand
Abstract The ocean model used in a calculation of the earth's climate is described in detail. Compared with earlier numerical models used in ocean circulation studies, the present model includesExpand
Abstract The primitive equations of motion in spherical coordinates are integrated with respect to time on global grids with mean horizontal resolutions of 500 and 250 km. There are nine levels inExpand
A seasonal zonal energy balance climate model with an interactive lower layer
The mean annual energy balance climate model of Gal-Chen and Schneider (1976) is expanded to a more general model which includes an interactive lower layer. The two-layer model is used to simulateExpand