Sensing and Monitoring for Stadium Structures: A Review of Recent Advances and a Forward Look

  title={Sensing and Monitoring for Stadium Structures: A Review of Recent Advances and a Forward Look},
  author={Fikret Necati Catbas and Ozan Cem Celik and Onur Avcı and Osama Abdeljaber and Mustafa Gul and Ngoan T. Do},
  journal={Frontiers in Built Environment},
Stadiums like those used for sporting or concert events, are distinct from other civil engineering structures due to several different characteristics. Some challenges mainly originate from the interaction with the human factor, as stadiums are subjected to both synchronized and random motion of large crowds. The investigations in the literature on this topic clearly state that stadiums designs are in urgent need of more reliable load quantification and modeling strategies, deeper understanding… 
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