Senfölbombe der Kreuzblütler – pflanzlicher Verteidigungsmechanismus mit therapeutischer Wirkung

@inproceedings{Herr2013SenflbombeDK,
  title={Senf{\"o}lbombe der Kreuzbl{\"u}tler – pflanzlicher Verteidigungsmechanismus mit therapeutischer Wirkung},
  author={Ingrid Herr and Vanessa Rausch and Markus W. B{\"u}chler},
  year={2013}
}
Die „Senfolbombe“ ist der allseits bekannte Scharfmacher von Senf und Meerrettich, kommt aber auch als wurzig oder bitter schmeckende Variante in Kohl, Rettich, Raps, Kresse und Rucola vor. Dieses Abwehrsystem schutzt Pflanzen der Kreuzblutlerfamilie vor Raupen, Heuschrecken, Pilzen, Bakterien und Viren. Es ist ein chemisches Prinzip, das aus dem Enzym Myrosinase und dem inaktiven Glukosinolat besteht. Wird die Pflanzenzelle angefressen, explodiert die „Bombe“: Die Myrosinase spaltet das… 
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