Semiconductor Clusters, Nanocrystals, and Quantum Dots

@article{Alivisatos1996SemiconductorCN,
  title={Semiconductor Clusters, Nanocrystals, and Quantum Dots},
  author={A. Paul Alivisatos},
  journal={Science},
  year={1996},
  volume={271},
  pages={933 - 937}
}
Current research into semiconductor clusters is focused on the properties of quantum dots-fragments of semiconductor consisting of hundreds to many thousands of atoms-with the bulk bonding geometry and with surface states eliminated by enclosure in a material that has a larger band gap. Quantum dots exhibit strongly size-dependent optical and electrical properties. The ability to join the dots into complex assemblies creates many opportunities for scientific discovery. 
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