Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive And Mixed Authority Patterns

  title={Semi-Presidential Systems: Dual Executive And Mixed Authority Patterns},
  author={Matthew Soberg Shugart},
  journal={French Politics},
  • M. Shugart
  • Published 30 November 2005
  • Political Science
  • French Politics
Maurice Duverger in 1980 advanced the concept of a ‘semi-presidential’ regime: a mix of a popularly elected and powerful presidency with a prime minister heading a cabinet subject to assembly confidence. We can understand the performance of these regimes through a neo-Madisonian perspective that stresses agency relations between institutional actors. Executive and legislature as separate agents of the electorate — as in presidentialism — necessitates transactional interbranch relations. Fusion… 
Government survival in semi‐presidential regimes
As semi-presidentialism has become increasingly common in European democracies, so have the debates about the consequences of several of its political and institutional features. In particular, in
Presidents and Cabinet Payoffs in Coalition Governments
  • C. Bucur
  • Political Science
    Political Studies Review
  • 2019
As a key consequence of government formation negotiations among executive and legislative actors, portfolio allocation offers a window to understand the impact of constitutional design and
This article examines the institution of presidential impeachment in countries displaying a semi-presidential institutional design. It addresses the question whether the functioning of impeachment
Two decades of semi-presidentialism: issues of intra-executive conflict in Central and Eastern Europe 1991–2011
Semi-presidentialism has become an increasingly popular form of government worldwide and has emerged as the most common regime type in Central and Eastern Europe and among the post-Soviet states. An
Sub-types of Semi-presidentialism and Political Deadlock
This article argues that semi-presidentialism can be classified into five sub-types: (1) president-dominant semi-presidentialism, (2) premier-dominant semi-presidentialism, (3) parliament-dominant
The Reduction of Presidential Powers in Semi-presidential Regimes : Armenia , Croatia , Russia and Ukraine Compared
Semi-presidentialism is a prominent topic in the comparative study of political institutions, especially since it represents a popular choice of government for third wave democracies. This is
The study of semi-presidentialism has been advanced by adopting clear-cut subtypes and linking them to system performance such as government stability and democratic survival. The dichotomous
Unravelling semi-presidentialism: democracy and government performance in four distinct regime types
ABSTRACT Do semi-presidential regimes perform worse than other regime types? Semi-presidentialism has become a preferred choice among constitution makers worldwide. The semi-presidential category
Are powerful presidents always popularly elected? Implications for separating semi-presidentialism from parliamentarism
ABSTRACT The traditional conception of semi-presidentialism stipulates that powers are shared by a popularly elected president and a prime minister, who is responsible to parliament. In recent years,
The devil in the details: constitutional regime types in post-Soviet Eurasia
ABSTRACT The constitutions of Eurasia’s more authoritarian countries categorically differ from those of the region’s more democratic countries, in that they codify a doctrine of presidential


Comparative presidencies: The inadequacy of the presidential, semi‐presidential and parliamentary distinction
Abstract. The role of the president is presumed to vary amongst presidential, semi-presidential and parliamentary systems. However, there are a variety of subtypes within semi-presidential systems.
Presidents versus Prime Ministers: Shaping Executive Authority in Eastern Europe
Open conflict between presidents and prime ministers has become a familiar phenomenon throughout East Central Europe since the fall of communism. While individual personalities and the particular
Breaking the Parliamentary Chain of Delegation: Presidents and Non-partisan Cabinet Members in European Democracies
Europe has over the past century experienced an impressive increase in the number of presidential heads of state. Many of the new democracies since the mid-1970s are semi-presidential regimes that
Presidential Institutions and Democratic Politics: Comparing Regional and National Contexts
While many comparative analysts see parliamentary government as essential for stable democracy, this volume argues that the American presidential system that separates and diffuses power can provide
Constitutional Frameworks and Democratic Consolidation: Parliamentarianism versus Presidentialism
A fundamental political-institutional question that has only recently received serious scholarly attention concerns the impact of different constitutional frameworks on democratic consolidation.
Are All Semipresidential Regimes the Same? A Comparison of Premier-Presidential Regimes
The transition to democracy in East Europe and the former Soviet Union has provided political scientists an opportunity to reexamine several old institutional debates. Similarly to the period of
From Semi‐presidentialism to Parliamentary Government: Political and Constitutional Developments in Finland
Within the framework of a ‘mixed constitution’, the Finnish political system wavered during a period of 80 years between genuine parliamentarism and effective semi-presidential rule. The new
Troubled semi-presidentialism: stability of the constitutional system and cabinet in Ukraine
THE EVOLUTION OF A CONSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK is at the heart of the complex political transition experienced by the former Soviet republics during the first post-communist decade. Ukraine, like many
Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and the Provision of Collective Goods in Less-Developed Countries
Parliamentary systems are more likely, ceteris paribus, than presidential systems to give politicians the incentive to provide policies aimed at broad national constituencies rather than at
Agenda Power in Brazil's Camara dos Deputados, 1989-98
This article examines a general proposition about democratic legislatures--that their agenda will be cartelized by any majority government--in the context of a case study of the Brazilian Câmara dos