Self-treatment of wounds by a capuchin monkey (Cebus apella)

  title={Self-treatment of wounds by a capuchin monkey (Cebus apella)},
  author={Gregory Charles Westergaard and Dorothy Munkenbeck Fragaszy},
  journal={Human Evolution},
A captive adult female capuchin monkey spontaneously manufactured and used tools to groom her vaginal area and four of her own wounds over a six-month period. The wounds apparently occurred during fights with other monkeys living in the same social groups. The monkey often groomed her vaginal area and wounds with tools she had coated with a sugar-based syrup. The monkey did not use tools to groom other body areas, nor did she use tools that were coated with substances other than syrup. This… 
Capuchin monkey (Cebus apella) grooms her infant's wound with tools
Several contextual factors probably facilitated the extension of tool‐using behaviors that this female used in treating her own wounds to treating another's wound, and these are considered in relation to the prehistorical development of social medicine in this species.
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Abstract Self-anointing behaviour using Bauhinia sp. was reported in two captive titi monkeys (Callicebus coimbrai and Callicebus barbarabrownae). The study was carried out from October 2013 to May
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Practical implications of anointing stem from its potential importance in conservation and captive management, where consideration is given to the protection that animals derive by accessing topically acquired chemicals from heterospecifics.
Social learning in mother-reared and "enculturated" capuchin monkeys
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The manufacture and use of tools by capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella).
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