Self-schemata and processing information about the self.

@article{Markus1977SelfschemataAP,
  title={Self-schemata and processing information about the self.},
  author={Hazel Rose Markus},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  year={1977},
  volume={35},
  pages={63-78}
}
  • H. Markus
  • Published 1977
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Attempts to organize, summarize, or explain one's own behavior in a particular domain result in the formation of cognitive structures about the self or selfschemata. Self-schemata are cognitive generalizations about the self, derived from past experience, that organize and guide the processing of the self-related information contained in an individual's social experience. The role of schemata in processing information about the self is examined by linking self-schemata to a number of specific… 

Figures from this paper

Self-Schemas and Judgments about Others
Previous research has shown that self-schemas (cognitive generalizations about the self) influence the processing of information about the self. The present study examined the effects of self-schemas
Self-Concept and Information-Processing: Methodological Problems and Theoretical Implications
Recent research on the self has come to view the self-concept as a dynamic and multidimensional structure. Depending on the theoretical position of the researcher, the self-system—or the
“Age Schemas”: Guides to Processing Information About the Self
Previous research has shown that the cognitive generalizations we maintain about ourselves, termed self-schemas, influence how we process self-referent information. This study investigated the
Fluidity in the self-concept: the shift from personal to social identity
Dominant personality models of the self-concept (e.g. self-schema theory) conceive of the self as a relatively stable cognitive representation or schema. The self-schema controls how we process
The negative cognitive bias of self-schema in worriers
Worry represents a repetitive form of negative thinking, during which a cognitive attempt is made to anticipate and to prepare for possible damaging outcomes in the future. Research has demonstrated
Self-Schemata and Scripts
TLDR
According to the levels-of-processing approach to memory, the richer the existing information base involved in cognitive processing, the stronger the memory trace and the higher subsequent retention, it was predicted that self- oriented information would be better remembered than situation-oriented information.
Assessing self-schema content: The relationship of psychological needs to early maladaptive schemas, rejection sensitivity, and personality traits
ABSTRACT In contemporary self-schema theory, there is considerable consensus on the structure of the self, which emphasizes multiple self representations, with each individual self-schema containing
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 32 REFERENCES
Self-Perception Theory
Self-perception: An alternative interpretation of cognitive dissonance phenomena.
  • D. Bem
  • Psychology
    Psychological review
  • 1967
A theory of self-percepti on is proposed to provide an alternative interpretation for several of the major phenomena embraced by Festinger's theory of cognitive dissonance and to explicate some of
Self-monitoring of expressive behavior.
A social psychological construct of self-monitoring (self-observation and self-control guided by situational cues to social appropriateness) of expressive behavior and self-presentation was proposed.
ON PREDICTING SOME OF THE PEOPLE SOME OF THE TIME: THE SEARCH FOR CROSS-SITUATIONAL CONSISTENCIES IN BEHAVIOR
The historically recurring controversy over the existence of cross-situational consistencies in behavior is sustained by the discrepancy between our intuitions, which affirm their existence, and the
Comment on Bem's "self-perception: an alternative interpretation of cognitive dissonance phenomena".
  • J. Mills
  • Psychology
    Psychological review
  • 1967
Since Ss in Bern's (1967) "interpersonal replication of the Festinger-Carlsmith Experiment" were not informed that the amount the person they observed was paid was independent of his initial
Some effects of time and thought on attitude polarization.
Three experiments were performed to examine the effects of thought on attitude change. It was predicted that (a) thought produces a change in attitude so as to make it more extreme in the initial
Representation and Understanding: Studies in Cognitive Science
The use of narrative and other prose forms as a tool for investigating mental processes is not new. Psychologists such as Jean Piaget and F.C. Bartlett both used stories in research on complex
Human Memory: A Proposed System and its Control Processes
A framework for representing knowledge
...
...