Self-regulation and depletion of limited resources: does self-control resemble a muscle?

  title={Self-regulation and depletion of limited resources: does self-control resemble a muscle?},
  author={Mark Muraven and Roy F. Baumeister},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  volume={126 2},
The authors review evidence that self-control may consume a limited resource. Exerting self-control may consume self-control strength, reducing the amount of strength available for subsequent self-control efforts. Coping with stress, regulating negative affect, and resisting temptations require self-control, and after such self-control efforts, subsequent attempts at self-control are more likely to fail. Continuous self-control efforts, such as vigilance, also degrade over time. These… 
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After people exert self-control, self-control performance on subsequent tasks tends to suffer, as if the capacity for self-control was depleted by the prior exertion. The present paper discusses
Self-control relies on glucose as a limited energy source: willpower is more than a metaphor.
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Helpful Self-Control: Autonomy Support, Vitality, and Depletion.
Lack of autonomy and self-control: Performance contingent rewards lead to greater depletion
Exerting self-control appears to deplete a needed resource, which leads to poorer self-control subsequently. However, the amount of depletion may vary, based on how controlling versus autonomy
Self-regulation and self-control in exercise: the strength-energy model
Self-regulation is an important component of psychosocial theories of exercise behaviour and lack of self-regulatory skills are associated with low adherence to health-related exercise. This review
Author ' s personal copy Helpful self-control : Autonomy support , vitality , and depletion q
Why someone exerts self-control may influence how depleting a task is. Feeling compelled to exert self-control require more self-control strength than exerting self-control for more autonomous
Self-Regulatory Strength and Mindfulness
The authors review evidence for the strength model of self-regulation (self-control), and discuss relations between mindfulness and self-regulation. The strength model of self-control suggests that
Glucose As an Energy Source to Increase Self-control in Restrained Eaters
Research evidence is suggestive of a strength model of self-control, also known as ego depletion, in social psychological literature. Engaging in an initial task of self-control depletes a limited
Building Self-Control Strength: Practicing Self-Control Leads to Improved Self-Control Performance.
  • M. Muraven
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental social psychology
  • 2010


Self-control as limited resource: regulatory depletion patterns.
A strength model of self-regulation fits the data better than activation, priming, skill, or constant capacity models ofSelf-regulation.
Ego depletion: is the active self a limited resource?
The results suggest that the self's capacity for active volition is limited and that a range of seemingly different, unrelated acts share a common resource.
Losing Control: How and Why People Fail at Self-Regulation
Basic Issues: Introduction: Self-Regulation Failure in Social and Theoretical Context. General Patterns and Mechanisms of Self-Regulation Failure. Controlling Thoughts, Feelings, and Actions: Task
The "self digest": self-knowledge serving self-regulatory functions.
  • E. Higgins
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1996
Self-knowledge is conceptualized as a self digest that summarizes one's relations to the world and the personal consequences of these relations and is distinguished from the classic notion that self-knowledge contains one descriptive actual self.
Longitudinal improvement of self-regulation through practice: building self-control strength through repeated exercise.
Compared with a no-exercise control group, the participants who performed the self-control exercises showed significant improvement in self-regulatory capacity as measured by quitting faster on a hand-grip exercise task following a thought-suppression exercise.
Self-control: A behavioristic excursion into the lion's den
On the Self-Regulation of Behavior
1. Introduction and plan 2. Principles of feedback control 3. Discrepancy reducing feedback processes in behavior 4. Discrepancy enlarging loops, and three further issues 5. Goals and behavior 6.
Emotional Distress and Disinhibited Eating: The Role of Self
Dieters and nondieters were exposed to self-referent or non-self-referent mood induction procedures, and food intake was subsequently recorded. In Study 1, both task failure and musical mood
Why do bad moods increase self-defeating behavior? Emotion, risk taking, and self-regulation.
It is shown that the risky tendencies are limited to unpleasant moods accompanied by high arousal; neither sadness nor neutral arousal resulted in destructive risk taking.
Regulatory control and adults' stress-related responses to daily life events.
The results generally confirmed the prediction that individuals who are high in regulatory control were relatively unlikely to experience high levels of negative emotional arousal in response to stressors, but this relation held only for moderate- to high-intensity stressors.