Self-rated health and mortality: a review of twenty-seven community studies.

  title={Self-rated health and mortality: a review of twenty-seven community studies.},
  author={Ellen Idler and Yael Benyamini},
  journal={Journal of health and social behavior},
  volume={38 1},
We examine the growing number of studies of survey respondents' global self-ratings of health as predictors of mortality in longitudinal studies of representative community samples. Twenty-seven studies in U.S. and international journals show impressively consistent findings. Global self-rated health is an independent predictor of mortality in nearly all of the studies, despite the inclusion of numerous specific health status indicators and other relevant covariates known to predict mortality… 

Self-rated health and mortality among black and white adults: examining the dynamic evaluation thesis.

  • K. FerraroJ. Kelley-Moore
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
  • 2001
The results suggest that self-ratings of health are sensitive to declines in physical health, especially those associated with terminal drop, and the importance of using dynamic models for studying the link between self-rated health and mortality if data from multiple observation points are available.

Two views of self-rated general health status.

Gender and the natural history of self-rated health: a 59-year longitudinal study.

  • M. McCulloughJ. Laurenceau
  • Psychology
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 2004
Analysis of 59-year longitudinal multilevel analyses of data from 1,411 men and women revealed that self-rated health was relatively stable until age 50 and then began to decrease in an accelerating fashion through the rest of the life course.

Community Studies Reporting Association between Self-Rated Health and Mortality

The association of poor self-ratings of health with higher risk of mortality is consistent; in just 2 of the 19 studies there were no effects of self-rated health for either men or women.

Alternative Measures of Self-Rated Health for Predicting Mortality Among Older People: Is Past or Future Orientation More Important?

The findings reveal the importance of future time perspective for older people and suggest that it is more useful to query older people about their future health expectations than about how their health has changed.

Examination of Age Variations in the Predictive Validity of Self-Rated Health.

  • A. ZajacovaHyeyoung Woo
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
  • 2016
The findings of declining predictive validity of SRH across age imply that individuals may evaluate their health differently as they age, and suggest caution in using SRH to capture age-related health changes in the older population.

Measuring Health Status: Self-, Interviewer, and Physician Reports of Overall Health

The results suggest similarities and differences in factors influencing health ratings across evaluators but a high level of interevaluator disagreement in ratings.

Self-perceptions of health: a prospective analysis of mortality, control, and health.

These findings contribute to the understanding of the benefits of positive health perceptions by showing that they are connected to an adaptive psychological profile including perceptions of control and use of control-enhancing strategies that are linked to health and well-being.

The Meanings of Self-Ratings of Health

Analysis of variance shows that respondents who overestimate their health are more likely to report ratings based on social activities and relationships, or psychological, emotional, or spiritual characteristics, rather than biomedical criteria, which is a promising method for exploring self-ratings of health.

Self-Rated Health and Mortality: Short- and Long-Term Associations in the Whitehall II Study

In this middle-aged cohort, SRH predicts mortality strongly in the short term but only weakly in the long term, and the covariates explained a much larger proportion of the SRH-mortality relationship in men compared with women.



Self-rated health, mortality, and chronic diseases in elderly men. The Zutphen Study, 1985-1990.

It is suggested that self-rated health especially affects fatality from chronic diseases rather than their onset, and this issue should be pursued further.

Social networks, social support, and mortality among older people in Japan.

Social participation, social support, and feelings of loneliness are found to have indirect effects on the mortality of the Japanese elders through their linkages with chronic diseases, functional status, and self-rated health.

Self-care among older adults.

Mortality and mental health: evidence from the Midtown Manhattan Restudy.

Social comparison: Contemporary theory and research.

During the past decade, social comparison processes have been the focus of considerable research and theorizing in social psychology. This volume, consisting of a series of original chapters by