Self-organization versus top-down planning in the evolution of a city

@article{Barthelemy2013SelforganizationVT,
  title={Self-organization versus top-down planning in the evolution of a city},
  author={Marc Barthelemy and Patricia Bordin and Henri Berestycki and Maurizio Gribaudi},
  journal={Scientific Reports},
  year={2013},
  volume={3}
}
Interventions of central, top-down planning are serious limitations to the possibility of modelling the dynamics of cities. An example is the city of Paris (France), which during the 19th century experienced large modifications supervised by a central authority, the ‘Haussmann period’. In this article, we report an empirical analysis of more than 200 years (1789–2010) of the evolution of the street network of Paris. We show that the usual network measures display a smooth behavior and that the… Expand
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